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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Cavalry Buys Time

July 1, 1863 - First Day

 
 
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 1, 2008
1. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
Inscription. "The First Brigade maintained this unequal contest until the leading division of General Reynolds' corps came up to its assistance, and then most reluctantly did it give up the front."
Brig. Gen. John Buford, U.S.A.
Cavalry Corps, 1st Division

Cavalry soldiers traditionally fought on horseback, but by 1863 they were also fighting on foot. Although the infantryman's rifle-musket was more deadly at long range than the cavalryman's carbine, dismounted cavalry could effectively harass and delay foot soldiers.

Along this ridge (to your left and right), the Union cavalry of Brig. Gen. John Buford's Division held off the attacking Confederate infantry of Brig. Gen. Joseph R. Davis on the morning of July 1. When the pressure became too great, the troopers fell back to the ridge in front of you.

General Buford's cavalry slowed the attacking Confederates for two critical hours, time enough for the Union infantry to arrive on the battlefield.
 
Erected by Gettysburg National Military Park.
 
Location. 39° 50.736′ N, 77° 14.781′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Buford Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located on
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker<br>Main Text Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 23, 2015
2. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
Main Text
the West Cavalry Battlefield section in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 9th New York Cavalry (within shouting distance of this marker); Second Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); 6th New York Cavalry (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); 17th Pennsylvania Cavalry (about 700 feet away); Second Army Corps (approx. 0.2 miles away); 3rd West Virginia Cavalry (approx. 0.2 miles away); O'Neal's Brigade (approx. 0.2 miles away); Ramseur's Brigade (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
More about this marker. On the upper center and right is painting captioned: Brig. Gen. John Buford and his Union cavalry take a stand on this ridge against Confederate infantry attacking from the west (behind you). Every fourth trooper held horses behind the line. Painting by Dale Gallon.

Below the painting is a wartime photograph of Troopers of the 3rd Indiana Cavalry about one year after the battle. Some of these men are survivors of the fight on this ridge. Typically, cavalry suffered fewer casualties than infantry.
 
Related markers.
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker<br>Troopers of the 3rd Indiana Cavalry Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 23, 2015
3. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
Troopers of the 3rd Indiana Cavalry
Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. First Day Cavalry Battlefield markers, monuments, and tablets
 
Also see . . .
1. Gettysburg Day One. National Park Service article about the opening phases of the battle. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Union Cavalry against Confederate Infantry. Synopsis of the morning fighting on July 1. (Submitted on January 17, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker<br>Brig. Gen. John Buford and His Union Cavalry Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 23, 2015
4. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
Brig. Gen. John Buford and His Union Cavalry
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 23, 2015
5. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Brian Scott, September 23, 2015
6. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 1, 2008
7. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
The Eternal Light Peace memorial is seen beyond the 9th New York Cavalry Monument on the left.
The Cavalry Buys Time Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
8. The Cavalry Buys Time Marker
Devin's Brigade Fights on the Ridge Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, January 13, 2007
9. Devin's Brigade Fights on the Ridge
Looking from the Oak Ridge observation tower to the west. Some of the depth of Buford's delaying action can be appreciated in this view. In the far distance are the peaks in the South Mountain Range. The houses in the distance are those along Herr's Ridge, where the cavalry skirmished with the advancing Confederates of Heth's Division. Closer in, the markers along Buford Avenue, just above the "green" grass, indicate the main line of Devin's defense. Finally, the cavalry retired to Oak Ridge, from where this photo was taken.
Another View of Devin's Brigade Position Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, November 1, 2008
10. Another View of Devin's Brigade Position
Looking south from the Eternal Peace Light Memorial. On the extreme right is Buford Avenue, demarking the line held by Devin's Brigade in this sector. On the left is Oak Ridge and the observation tower.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 860 times since then and 104 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.   7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   8. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   9, 10. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on July 17, 2016.
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