Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Screening Lee’s Army
—Prelude to Gettysburg, Mosby's Confederacy —
Under orders to hold Middleburg, Duffie barricaded the streets and sent to Aldie for reinforcements. Despite evidence that overwhelming Confederate forces were mustering for an attack, Duffie refused to abandon the town.
At dusk Gen. Beverly Robertson’s brigade of cavalry (900 men) struck, driving the outnumbered Federals from the town. The evening clash cost the 1st R.I. Cavalry six killed, nine wounded and 210 captured. Robertson’s brigade suffered 25 casualties.
On June 19, six regiments of Union cavalry under Gen. David M. Gregg drive Confederate pickets out of Middleburg, only to encounter five regiments of Confederate cavalry commanded by Robertson and Col. John Chambliss on the hill west of town. After bitter hand-to-hand fighting through the woods and behind stone walls (described by one solider as “more of an Indian warfare than anything seen of late”)
Sidebar Located in the region known as “Mosby’s Confederacy,” the constant activity and success of the partisan rangers led to federal raids in and around Middleburg throughout the war.
-The Middleburg Baptist Church on Federal Street and the Ashbury Methodist Church on Jay Street were used as Hospitals.
-Casualties from these battles lie in Sharon Cemetery next to the Middleburg Baptist Church, alongside the nation’s first monument to unknown soldiers.
-Middleburg’s Freedman’s Bureau, founded by the government to assist newly freed blacks, was located in the Danning House, on the corner of Jay and Marshall Streets, known today as the Hansborough House.
Erected 1998 by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 58.183′ N, 77° 44.149′ W. Marker is in Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is at the intersection of North Madison Street and West Marshall Street, on the right when traveling north on North Madison Street Click for map. The marker is one block north of Washington Street/John S. Mosby Highway (US 50), in a traffic triangle formed by the intersection of Madison and Marshall. Marker is in this post office area: Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Middleburg (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Middleburg (approx. 1.7 miles away); Sergeant Major John Champe (approx. 3.6 miles away); A Revolutionary War Hero (approx. 3.7 miles away); Gettysburg Campaign (approx. 3.7 miles away); Stuart and Bayard (approx. 3.7 miles away); Cavalry Battles (approx. 3.7 miles away); Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 3.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Middleburg.
More about this marker. The marker features pictures of Col. Alfred Duffie and Major Heroes von Borck. A map of Middleburg plots locations mentioned in the sidebar.
The marker displays two brass tags on the lower frame. One reads, “Funded by Middleburg Beautification and Preservation, Inc. 1997, Dedicated September 1998.” The other reads, “Middleburg - A part of the John Singleton Mosby Heritage Area Established in 1995”
Related marker Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Additional keywords. Gettysburg Campaign, Mosby’s Confederacy
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on June 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,344 times since then. Last updated on July 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 30, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.