Inscription. After the Battle of Cold Harbor in June 1864, Grant and Lee shifted their armies to Petersburg; but Grant did not wish to abandon the Richmond front entirely. He had Gen. Benjamin Butler position a small force from his Army of the James here at Deep Bottom Landing to protect the pontoon bridge which allowed Union forces to move back and forth across the James River.
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2007
|1. Deep Bottom Landing Civil War Trails marker|
As part of an overall strategy to defeat Lee’s main army at Petersburg, Federal detachments launched attacks from here on July 25 and August 13, 1864. Stiff Confederate resistance foiled both efforts. On September 29, 1864, a third attempt, spearheaded by two brigades of United States Colored Troops (USCT), resulted in the capture of New Market Heights. The Army of the James continued to use the key river crossing at Deep Bottom until the end of the war.
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 37° 24.433′ N, 77° 18.331′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker is on Deep Bottom Road, on the left. Click for map. Marker is located at the James River in the Henrico County Park boat launch area in Deep Bottom Park. Marker is in this post office area: Henrico VA 23231, United States of America.
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2007
|2. Deep Bottom Landing - A Vital Link|
|Marker with James River in the background.|
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Deep Bottom Park (within shouting distance of this marker); First Battle of Deep Bottom (approx. 0.9 miles away); Pleasants V. Pleasants (approx. 1.3 miles away); New Market Road (approx. 1.5 miles away); Nathaniel Bacon (approx. 1.5 miles away); Curles Neck and Bremo (approx. 1.5 miles away); Captain Thomas Harris (approx. 1.6 miles away); Battle of New Market Heights (approx. 1.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Richmond.
More about this marker. The upper portion of the marker is dominated by a photo of "The pontoon bridge at Deep Bottom" which "linked Federal troops located north and south of the James River. It saw steady use between June 1864 and April 1865."
Three small maps detail the battles around Deep Bottom:
First Battle of Deep Bottom
July 28, 1864
Gen. Joseph Kershaw’s successful attack against Union cavalry along the Long Bridge Road stopped Grant’s first advance against Richmond’s defenses.
Second Battle of Deep Bottom
August 16, 1864
A desperate Confederate counterattack led by Gen. Lee forced Gen. Birney’s command to abandon its position above Fussell’s mill pond and once again kept Federal troops contained at Deep Bottom.
Battle of New Market Heights
September 29, 1864
Early morning assaults by USCTs pierced the Confederate entrenchments above Deep Bottom. Union pursuit of the retreating Confederates continued several miles along the New Market Road before being stopped at Richmond’s outer defense line.
By Mathew Brady, circa 1865
|3. Pontoon bridge, Deep Bottom, James River, Va|
|U.S. National Archives [111-B-460]|
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . .
1. Second Deep Bottom. A narrative discussing the Second Battle of Deep Bottom. (Submitted on November 28, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Deep Bottom Preservation Efforts. Details of a Civil War Preservation Trust effort to preserve 125 acres of this battlefield. The site includes rather detailed maps of the battle and other resources. (Submitted on September 22, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on November 19, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 3,436 times since then. Last updated on January 28, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 19, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 3. submitted on July 14, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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