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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
West Sacramento in Yolo County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
 

Salmon Cannery

West Sacramento River Walk

 
 
Salmon Cannery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 29, 2009
1. Salmon Cannery Marker
Inscription. This is the historic site of the first salmon cannery established on the Pacific Coast. Begun in 1864 by William and George Hume and Andrew Hapgood on a barge moored to the bank, the cannery processed salmon harvested along the rivers – with gill nets and spears – as they migrated up the Sacramento and American Rivers. In comparison, most of today’s salmon are harvested in the ocean before they begin to migrate back up stream.
Hapgood, Hume and Company ran the cannery for 3 years before moving on, founding major cannery operations in the Pacific Northwest. In 1882, 20 canneries worked the Sacramento River and San Francisco Bay.

As well as being delivered by land, canned salmon was delivered to various destinations in the Sacramento and San Francisco Bay areas via small boats similar to the one shown in this photo.
 
Erected by City of West Sacramento.
 
Location. 38° 34.986′ N, 121° 30.527′ W. Marker is in West Sacramento, California, in Yolo County. Marker can be reached from 2nd Street. Click for map. Marker is located on the “River Walk” at River Walk Park on the Sacramento River. The park is located at the end of the 600 block of 2nd Street. Marker is in this post office area: West Sacramento CA 95605, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers.
Salmon Cannery Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 29, 2009
2. Salmon Cannery Marker
At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. First Pacific Coast Salmon Cannery (here, next to this marker); The Rivers’ Flow (here, next to this marker); Hydraulic Mining (a few steps from this marker); Veterans Plaza (a few steps from this marker); Pony Express Bridge (a few steps from this marker); Flood Control (within shouting distance of this marker); Sacramento Skyline (within shouting distance of this marker); Tower Bridge (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in West Sacramento.
 
Regarding Salmon Cannery. This site was designated as California Registered Historical Landmark No.1040 on October 15, 1966.

Statement of Significance:
From here to the Sacramento River is the approximate site of California’s first Pacific Coast Salmon Cannery in Washington (Broderick), Yolo County, founded by Hapgood, Hume and Company in 1864. This small canning operation was the beginning of the West Coast’s salmon canning industry. Salmon caught in the Sacramento River were canned by the cooker-boiler method, rather than the contemporary salt preservation method of that time. This allowed for wider markets and lower prices. In 1866, due to the decline in salmon runs in the river, the operation was relocated along the Columbia River, Oregon.
 
Also see . . .
Close-Up of Photo on Marker image. Click for full size.
By Syd Whittle, January 29, 2009
3. Close-Up of Photo on Marker
Courtesy of Sacramento Archives and Museum Collection Center, Del Monte Corporation, Sacramento Valley Photography Survey, Circa 1915.
 The First Pacific Coast Salmon Cannery. The First Pacific Coast Salmon Cannery was established in 1864 by brothers William and George Hume, and an old acquaintance of theirs, Andrew Hapgood, and remained at this site until 1866. The site is significant as the place where salmon was first canned, an advancement that allowed the mildly successful industry to flourish into a multimillion dollar Pacific Coast industry. The salmon industry on the Pacific Coast of the United States by the 1850s had developed a healthy market but was limited in its ability to meet consumer demands for the product due to preservation issues. (Submitted on January 30, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.) 
 
Additional comments.
1. National Historical Landmark Designation Withdrawn on July 14, 2004
Although nothing of the original operation remained at the time of designation, a National Historic Landmark plaque commemorated the site of the First Pacific Coast Salmon Cannery Site. The company site consisted of a scow anchored on the west bank of the Sacramento River, directly opposite from the City of Sacramento's K Street. It is believed that the brothers resided on a cabin located on the shoreline. During the nineteenth century the barge was
California Registered Historical Landmark Plaque image. Click for more information.
By Syd Whittle, April 1, 2009
4. California Registered Historical Landmark Plaque
Dedicated on April 1, 2009

Click for more information.
lost and numerous floods altered the appearance of the riverbank. The plaque is no longer extant and the riverbank's appearance has changed through the site's development as a park by the City of West Sacramento. Consequently, the site's designation as a National Historic Landmark was withdrawn on July 14, 2004 by the Secretary of the Interior.
    — Submitted January 30, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.

2. Efforts of West Sacramento Project Pride
"West Sacramento Project Pride" is a project of the West Sacramento Chamber of Commerce. They have currently determined an historical opportunity to mark California's first Salmon Cannery, which was located in West Sacramento and have receive roughly 30% of the funding for this improvement.
UPDATE: On April 1, 2009 a California Registered Historical Landmark plaque was dedicated at this site.
See: Photo #4.
    — Submitted March 8, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.

 
Additional keywords. Canneries
 
Categories. Industry & CommerceNotable EventsNotable PlacesWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page has been viewed 1,936 times since then and 82 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.   4. submitted on , by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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