Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Studley in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Enon Church

The Battle of Haw's Shop

 

—Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign —

 
Enon Church Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
1. Enon Church Marker
Inscription. Confederate cavalry under Gen. Wade Hampton arrived here May 28, 1864, hoping to locate the whereabouts of the Federal army. Hampton’s leading column collided with Gen. David Gregg’s Union cavalry division near the Haw’s Shop crossroads, one mile in front of you. After a brief fight on horseback, Confederate cavalry fell back, dismounted, and hastily built a line of protective works on both sides of the road behind the church.

The two sides battled indecisively for several hours before the arrival of Gen. George Custer’s Michigan brigade turned stalemate into victory for the Federals. Charging on foot straight down the road toward this church, Custer’s troopers scattered the Southern defenders. Among the 365 Union casualties was the mortally wounded John Huff, credited by some with fatally shooting Confederate cavalry chief J.E.B. Stuart at the Battle of Yellow Tavern. Hampton’s casualties in the nearly seven-hour action numbered about 380.

Today, the battlefield closely resembles its wartime appearance. Visible in the distance is the home of John Haw, Oak Grove, which served as a field hospital.

“At point blank range the contending parties fought for seven hours, neither able to carry the other’s position, but each determined to hold its own. So rapid and constant was the firing that during this time the
Map of the Haw's Shop Battlefield Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
2. Map of the Haw's Shop Battlefield
regiment, though scarcely two hundred of it being engaged, expended upward of eighteen thousand rounds of ammunition.”

- William P. Lloyd, Adjutant, First Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve Cavalry
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 40.58′ N, 77° 18.681′ W. Marker is near Studley, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker is at the intersection of Studley Road (County Route 606) and Buckeye Road, on the left when traveling east on Studley Road. Click for map. The marker is located on the east side of the Enon United Methodist Church parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Studley VA 23162, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Enon Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Airmail Service (approx. one mile away); Studley (approx. one mile away); Salem Church/Haw’s Shop (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Studley (approx. 1.2 miles away); Newmarket
Oak Grove (private residence) Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
3. Oak Grove (private residence)
Served as Union headquarters and a field hospital during the battle.
(approx. 1.3 miles away); Fighting at the Totopotomoy (approx. 1.7 miles away); Pine Slash (approx. 1.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Studley.
 
Regarding Enon Church. On the upper left is a photo of Confederate General Wade Hampton. The photo carries the caption Gen. Wade Hampton replaced J.E.B. Stuart as commander of Lee’s cavalry. At Enon Church Hampton’s men brought Lee important information about the position of Grant’s army. On the right is a map detailing the battle. The map carries the caption With approximately 10,000 cavalrymen involved, the Battle of Haw’s Shop was one of the largest cavalry engagements of the war. Most of the fighting was on foot, indicative of the changes in cavalry combat by this stage of the war.
 
Also see . . .
1. CWSAC Battle Summary. Haw’s Shop/Enon Church (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Civil War Traveler. Lee vs. Grant: The 1864 Overland Campaign Tour (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
From Enon Church facing east toward Haw's Shop. Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
4. From Enon Church facing east toward Haw's Shop.
Enon Church Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
5. Enon Church
Studley Road looking east toward the Union position. Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
6. Studley Road looking east toward the Union position.
Gen. George A. Custer's Michigan brigade formed in line with the 1st & 6th MI north of the road and the 5th & 7th MI south of the road. Armed with repeating Spencer carbines, the dismounted troopers charged the Confederate position around 7:00pm.
Obelisk inscriptions Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher
7. Obelisk inscriptions
In memory of 27 unknown Confederate Soldiers killed at the Battle of Haws Shop, May 28, 1864 and buried in this churchyard.

Erected by the Virginia State Library, with the cooperation of the Hanover Chapter, UDC. 1959
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,382 times since then and 157 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement