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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

First Division

Second Corps

 

—Army of the Potomac —

 
First Division, Second Corps Tablet Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, December 27, 2008
1. First Division, Second Corps Tablet
The trefoil of Second Corps appears above the tablet.
Inscription.
Army of the Potomac
Second Corps
First Division

Brig. General John C. Caldwell
First Brigade Col. Edward E. Cross, Col. H. B. McKeen
Second Brigade Col. Patrick Kelly
Third Brigade Brig. Gen. Samuel K. Zook, Lieut. Col. John Fraser
Fourth Brigade Col. J.R. Brooke

July 2. Arrived about 7 a.m. and went into position on the right of the Third Corps on the line between the Cemetery and Round Top. The Second Division on the right. Between 5 and 6 p.m. went into the Wheatfield subject to the orders of Gen. Sykes in support of third line. The line previously occupied by Third Brigade First Division Third Corps. Was engaged with Anderson's Brigade Hood's Division until sunset with heavy losses including Col. Cross and Gen. Zook killed early in the engagement.
Returned to former position in Second Corps line.

July 3. The Division formed in single line threw up breastworks and remained in position until close of the battle.

Casualties. Killed 18 officers 169 men. Wounded 82 officers 798 men. Captured or missing 6 officers 202 men. Total 1275.
 
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
 
Location. 39° 48.324′ N, 77° 14.077′ W. Marker is
Caldwell's Division Tablet Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, December 27, 2008
2. Caldwell's Division Tablet
near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Hancock Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located on the south part of Cemetery Ridge in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 148th Regiment Pennsylvania Infantry (a few steps from this marker); 15th Battery New York Light Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery E, 5th Massachusetts Light Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery H, 3rd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery B, First Pennsylvania Light Artillery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 90th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (about 400 feet away); 2nd Battery New Jersey Light Artillery (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. Cemetery Ridge. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Report of Brig. Gen. John C. Caldwell. General Caldwell lauded his division's actions on July 2 in his official report:
The division on the afternoon of the 2d fought with its accustomed gallantry, and performed
General John Curtis Caldwell Photo, Click for full size
3. General John Curtis Caldwell
Before the war, Caldwell was a school principal, with no military background. After volunteering for service, he was elected Colonel of the 11th Maine. Serving with the Army of the Potomac, Caldwell rose to brigade command in 1862. After the battle of Chancellorsville, he was elevated to Division Command. At Gettysburg, his actions were called into question. Although vindicated, when the Corps was reorganized in early 1864, Caldwell was left without a division.
(Photo Source: Wikipedia)
everything that could be expected of either officers or men. The large number of its killed and wounded attest its desperate valor. That it fell back was owing entirely to the breaking of the troops on the right, permitting the enemy to get on its flank and its rear.
(Submitted on February 2, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 579 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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