Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Hanover in King William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Nelsonís Crossing

Grant Crosses the Pamunkey

 

óLee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign ó

 
Nelsonís Crossing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
1. Nelsonís Crossing Marker
Inscription. Federal infantry left the camps around Mangohick Church on the morning of May 28, 1864, and pressed southward toward the Pamunkey River. In order to speed up the pace of the march, the army followed parallel routes. The Second and Sixth Corps moved toward Nelsonís Crossing, while the Fifth and Ninth Corps marched farther east, in the direction of a downstream crossing at Hanovertown. Engineers from New York constructed pontoon bridges at each crossing to expedite the maneuver. Two pontoon bridges stood here at Ne1sonís Crossing, each about 140 feet long.

The Union infantry entrenched on the first high ridge south of the river, facing the valley of Totopotomoy Creek. A portion of the Sixth Corps explored to the northwest, guarding the armyís flank in the direction of Hanover Court House.

Meanwhile Federal cavalry collided with Confederate horsemen due south of here at Hawís Shop. Once Grantís army crossed the Pamunkey, its movements became more apparent to the Confederates, allowing Lee to formulate a response that ultimately led to the Battle of Cold Harbor.

“These canvas pontoons are funny looking; they consist of a boat-shaped frame, which is wrapped in a great sheet of canvas and put in the waterÖ It looks as if the Commander-in-Chief [Grant] had undertaken the washing business on a large scale, and
Nelsonís Crossing Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 16, 2014
2. Nelsonís Crossing Marker
was Ďsoakingí his soiled clothing.”

- Theodore Lyman, staff of General Meade
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 43.32′ N, 77° 17.176′ W. Marker is near Hanover, Virginia, in King William County. Marker is on Nelson Bridge Road (County Route 615) 0.9 miles north of River Road, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hanover VA 23069, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. William Latanť (approx. 2.1 miles away); Newmarket (approx. 2.2 miles away); Union Army's Crossing of the Pamunkey River (approx. 2.8 miles away); Hanovertown (approx. 2.8 miles away); "Hanover Town" (approx. 2.8 miles away); Studley (approx. 3.2 miles away); Salem Church/Hawís Shop (approx. 3.2 miles away); Early Airmail Service (approx. 3.2 miles away).
 
Regarding Nelsonís Crossing. On the lower left is a period photo. The caption reads, One of the bridges at Nelsonís Crossing, taken the day after the two corps marched through here. The pontoons in this bridge were wooden; the engineers used
The Union 6th & 2nd Corps crossed into Hanover County at Nelson's Ferry. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
3. The Union 6th & 2nd Corps crossed into Hanover County at Nelson's Ferry.
canvas pontoons in the other bridge.


On the right is a map detailing troop movements into Hanover County. The map carries the caption, The Army of the Potomac made better marching time by crossing the Pamunkey River at two different spots.
 
Also see . . .  Civil War Traveler. Lee vs. Grant: The 1864 Overland Campaign (Submitted on February 12, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
North bank of the Pamunkey River facing Nelson's Ferry. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
4. North bank of the Pamunkey River facing Nelson's Ferry.
Nelsonís Crossing facing downstream. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
5. Nelsonís Crossing facing downstream.
Nelsonís Crossing facing upstream. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
6. Nelsonís Crossing facing upstream.
Mrs. Nelson's Crossing, Va. image. Click for full size.
By Timothy H. OíSullivan, May 1864
7. Mrs. Nelson's Crossing, Va.
Pontoon bridge across the Pamunkey, built by the 50th New York Engineers. Library of Congress [LC-B815-768]
"Wyoming" image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, January 31, 2009
8. "Wyoming"
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,352 times since then and 184 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   7. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   8. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement