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Carlisle in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Col. Robert Magaw

 
 
Col. Robert Magaw Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., January 29, 2009
1. Col. Robert Magaw Marker
Inscription. Robert Magaw, one of Carlisle's principal lawyers prior to the Revolution, lived here. Magaw joined Col. William Thompson's regiment in June 1775 as a Major. After service in Boston in 1776 he was promoted to Colonel in the 5th PA Battalion.

In 1776 George Washington's army retreated from New York City, leaving Fort Washington as the sole remaining American outpost on the island of Manhattan. Congress demanded that the fort be held, and Col. Magaw was put in command of the fort's 2800 men. On Nov. 15, 1776, after Col. Magaw refused General Howe's demand to surrender saying “I am determined to defend the post to the very last extremity,” Howe's forces charged the fort. Overwhelmed, Magaw was forced to surrender resulting in a serious loss of trained soldiers as well as damaged American morale.

Col. Magaw was held prisoner of war in the home of Rutgert Van Brunt at Gravesend, Long Island until October, 1780. He married Van Brunt's daughter Marrieta and returned with her to Carlisle.

Col. Magaw served as a Member of the Pennsylvania Legislature in 1781-2 and in 1783 became a Charter Member of the Board of Trustees of Dickinson College. He died in Carlisle in 1790.

At the 1901 dedication of the monument at the site of Fort Washington, an historian called Magaw the “most gallant
Col. Robert Magaw Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., January 29, 2009
2. Col. Robert Magaw Marker
Magaw marker to left of tree; Blaine House marker is to right of tree.
figure of the Revolution,” and his most “sublime personal hero.”
 
Erected by Historic Carlisle, Inc. (Marker Number 9.)
 
Location. 40° 12.041′ N, 77° 11.343′ W. Marker is in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of Hanover Street (Pennsylvania Route 34) and Liberty Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Hanover Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3 S. Hanover Street, Carlisle PA 17013, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Blaine House (here, next to this marker); Green Tree Inn (a few steps from this marker); The McClintock Riot (within shouting distance of this marker); Carlisle Court House (within shouting distance of this marker); Market House Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Carlisle Public Square (within shouting distance of this marker); China Burma India Veteran's Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Shelling of Carlisle (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Carlisle.
 
Also see . . .  Historic Carlisle Inc. - recognizing and promoting the history of Carlisle, PA. (Submitted on February 27, 2009, by Alan Duxbury of Carlisle, Pennsylvania.)
Col. Robert Magaw Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, August 7, 2010
3. Col. Robert Magaw Marker

 
Categories. HeroesNotable PersonsPatriots & PatriotismPoliticsWar, US Revolutionary
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 962 times since then and 70 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.   3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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