Calhoun Falls in Abbeville County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Richard B. Russell Dam
Flood Control, Electric Power, and Recreation
On the upper Savannah River near Elberton, Ga., and Calhoun Falls, S.C. lies the Richard B. Russell Dam and Lake -- authorized for construction by the Flood Control Act of 1966 for the purposes of hydropower generation, recreation and flood control. Originally known as Trotters Shoals, the dam site is situated about midway between the J. Strom Thurmond and Hartwell dams and lake projects of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District.
The Russell Project
Construction of the Russell project by the Corps' Savannah District was initiated in 1976. The District began filling the lake in October 1983. The lake reached its full power pool elevation of 475 feet above mean sea level in the winter of 1984 and covers 26,650 acres of land. in all, about 52,000 acres of land were required for the lake inundation, the dam, road and railroad relocations, project operations and recreational areas.
The Dam's structure and Hydroelectricity
The Russell Dam consists of a 1,884-foot long gravity structure of about 1.1 million cubic yards of concrete with a maximum height of 195 feet -- flanked by two earth embankments of about 2.9 million cubic yards of zoned material. The Georgia side embankment is 2,180 feet long, and the South Carolina embankment is 460 feet long. The spillway section contains 10
The powerhouse has four 75-megawatt conventional turbine-generating units and four 75-megawatt pumped storage units. The project is designed as a peaking plant, with an installed capacity of 600 megawatts -- which makes it the largest Corps hydroelectric project in the southeast. The pumped storage feature allows water, after it has passed through the generating unis, to be pumped back into the lake for reuse in generating power.
Millwood, Example of a Flooded Site
Located on the Savannah River about 5 miles west of the town of Calhoun Falls, S.C., Millwood was the site of a large plantation built in 1833 by James E. Calhoun (Colhoun), brother-in-law and cousin of John C. Calhoun, American statesman and Vice President of the United States. Millwood was a concentrated village allowing overseers to exercise control over 200 slaves, livestock, storage facilities and workshops. One of the first structures built was a gristmill and millrace, completed in 1834. Turbines for the mill were powered by water with a 14-foot drop.
Excavation of the site uncovered the foundation remains and debris from about 45 structures inhabited until 1889. In all, Millwood consisted of about 10,000 acres of land. Major crops
Erected by South Carolina Heritage Corridor.
Marker series. This marker is included in the South Carolina Heritage Corridor marker series.
Location. 34° 1.364′ N, 82° 35.55′ W. Marker is in Calhoun Falls, South Carolina, in Abbeville County. Marker is on Russell Dam Overlook Road (State Road 1-269), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is located near the
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. USS Scorpion (SS-278) (approx. 3.4 miles away in Georgia); Bobby Brown State Park Monument (approx. 3.4 miles away in Georgia); Olin D. Johnston Memorial Boulevard (approx. 4.2 miles away); Millwood (approx. 4.2 miles away); Colonistsí Crossing (approx. 4.4 miles away in Georgia); Calhoun Falls World War I and II Veterans Monument (approx. 4.7 miles away); Fort Charlotte (approx. 5 miles away); Mt. Carmel Historical District (approx. 5 miles away); Welcome to Calhoun Falls State Recreation Area (approx. 5.6 miles away); Capture of Fort Charlotte (approx. 5.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Calhoun Falls.
Also see . . .
1. Richard Russell, Jr. Richard Brevard Russell, Jr. (November 2, 1897 – January 21, 1971) was an American Democratic Party politician who
2. Richard B. Russell State Park. Located on a 26,500-acre lake, Richard B. Russell State Park offers some of the state's finest fishing and boating.
3. Richard B. Russell Dam and Lake. Welcome to Richard B. Russell Lake and Dam Project, the most recent multi-purpose water resource development built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District.
4. Richard Brevard Russell, Jr. It seems that serving Georgia ran in Richard Brevard Russell's blood.
5. Richard B. Russell Lake. Richard B. Russell Lake is a man-made lake created by the construction of Richard B. Russell Dam on the Savannah River bordering Elbert County, Georgia and Abbeville County, South Carolina.
6. Great Lakes of Georgia: Russell. Richard B. Russell Dam and Lake was authorized for construction by the 1966 Flood Control Act as Trotters Shoals Lake, later renamed to commemorate a late senator from Georgia, Richard B. Russell.
7. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District. Official website of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Savannah District.
1. Richard Brevard Russell, Jr. (1897-1971)
Richard Brevard Russell, Jr., a Senator from Georgia; born in Winder, Barrow County, Ga., November 2, 1897; attended the public schools; graduated from the Seventh District Agricultural and Mechanical School, Powder Springs, Ga., in 1914, from Gordon Institute, Barnesville, Ga., in 1915, and from the law department of the University of Georgia at Athens in 1918; admitted to the bar and commenced practice at Winder, Ga., in 1919; served with the United States Naval Reserve in 1918; member, State house of representatives 1921-1931, serving as speaker 1927-1931; Governor of Georgia 1931-1933; elected on November 8, 1932, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William J. Harris; reelected in 1936, 1942, 1948, 1954, 1960 and 1966 and served from January 12, 1933, until his death; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Ninety-first and Ninety-second Congresses; chairman, Committee on Immigration
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