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Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The High Water Mark
July 3, 1863 - Third Day
 
The High Water Mark Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, December 27, 2008
1. The High Water Mark Marker
 
Inscription. "Too bad! Too bad! On! Too bad!"
General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A.
Commander, Army of Northern Virginia

"Thank God."
Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, U.S.A.
Commander, Army of the Potomac

Speaking of the Confederates who had executed Pickett's Charge, General Lee reflected, "I never saw troops behave more magnificently..." Yet, this last great assault at Gettysburg, among the greatest made by American soldiers, failed to crumble the Union defenses.

"Hurrahs" rose from the United soldiers here as the Confederate tide ebbed. 12,000 Confederates had thrown themselves against the Union line - nearly half of them had been killed, wounded, or captured. General Meade prepared his men for another attack on the 4th, but it never came. That night, Lee's army began its muddy retreat into Virginia.

Years after the battle, Pickett's Charge and its failure came to be known as the "High Water Mark of the Confederacy." The war would continue for nearly two more years, but Lee's Army of Northern Virginia would not invade the North again. A Union officer who had witnessed Pickett's Charge wrote, "from that time on, the march of the rebellion was toward Appomattox."

After Gettysburg
1863
July 3 (1) Gettysburg - Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania repulsed.
July 4 (2) Vicksburg - Confederates
 
Close Up of Map Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, December 27, 2008
2. Close Up of Map
 
surrender to General Grant. North gains control of Mississippi River.
Sept. 20 (3) Chickamauga - Last great Southern victory.
Nov. 23-25 (4) Chattanooga - Bragg's Confederate army retreats into Georgia.

1864
May-June (5) Grant's Virginia Campaign - Battles of Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor. Lee driven back upon Richmond and Petersburg.
Sept. 2 (6) Atlanta - Sherman occupies Atlanta. Begins famous "March to the Sea" November 15.
Dec 15-16 (7) Nashville - Thomas crushes the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
Dec. 21 (8) Savannah - Sherman occupies Savannah and further divides the Confederacy.

1865
April 2 (9) Petersburg - After 10-month siege, Grant breaks Lee's line and closes in on Richmond.
April 9 (10) Appomattox - Lee surrenders Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House.
April 26 (11) Durham Station - Johnston surrenders Confederate forces in Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida.
 
Erected by Gettysburg National Military Park.
 
Location. 39° 48.773′ N, 77° 14.135′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Hancock Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Located near the "Copse of Trees" on Cemetery Ridge in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Waysides between the Copse of Trees and the Angle Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain
3. Waysides between the Copse of Trees and the Angle
From left to right - Battlefield Landmarks-South and West, Pickett's Charge, The High Water Mark, and Cushing's Union Battery.
 

 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cushing's Union Battery (here, next to this marker); Pickett's Charge (here, next to this marker); Battlefield Landmarks - South and West (here, next to this marker); 72nd Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (a few steps from this marker); First Pennsylvania Cavalry (a few steps from this marker); Major General Alexander Webb (a few steps from this marker); Second Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); 3rd Maine Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
More about this marker. In the center of the marker is a painting captioned, Confederate infantry make their last desperate attempt to break the Union line here. Painting by Mort Kunstler. To the lower left is a map with points indicated from the right side-bar.
 
Also see . . .  High Water Mark. National Park Service virtual tour stop. (Submitted on February 14, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on February 14, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,379 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 14, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
 
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