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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battlefield Landmarks - South and West

July 3, 1863 - Third Day

 
 
Battlefield Landmarks - South and West Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 27, 2008
1. Battlefield Landmarks - South and West Marker
Inscription. "...the enemy is advancing. Every eye could see the legions, an overwhelming resistless tide of an ocean of armed men sweeping upon us!"
1st Lt. Frank A. Haskell, U.S.A.
Aide to Brig. Gen. John Gibbon

You are standing at the Union position on Cemetery Ridge, looking southwest toward the Confederate position on Seminary Ridge. It was across this ground that Pickett's Confederate infantry attacked on the afternoon of July 3.

The landscape today looks much as it did in 1863.

(Points highlighted from the panoramic view):
(1) Copse of Trees
confederate soldiers penetrated the Union line as far as this clump of trees. Just behind the trees along Hancock Avenue stands the High Water Mark Monument.

(2) Emmitsburg Road
This historic, sunken road bisects the fields over which the Confederates attacked on the afternoon of July 3. When Pickett's ranks reached the road, they performed a left oblique (turned left 45) before charging the stone wall in front of you. Rail fences that bordered the road slowed their progress.

(3) Codori Farm
The two-story brick house and log barn of Nicholas Codori stood in the path of Pickett's attacking Confederates. The 5,000 Virginians passed on either side of the farm buildings as they marched in this direction.

A number
Close up of the Panorama image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 27, 2008
2. Close up of the Panorama
of wounded Confederates took refuge in the house and barn. Pickett himself may have observed the progress of the attack from here. After the war the house was enlarged and a new barn was built.

(4) Seminary Ridge
General Lee positioned his Confederate First and Third Corps along the tree line of this gentle ridge on July 2. On the 3rd he launched "Pickett's Charge" from here.
 
Erected by Gettysburg National Military Park.
 
Location. 39° 48.769′ N, 77° 14.136′ W. Marker is near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Hancock Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Click for map. Located near the "Copse of Trees" on Cemetery Ridge in Gettysburg National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pickett's Charge (here, next to this marker); The High Water Mark (here, next to this marker); Cushing's Union Battery (a few steps from this marker); 72nd Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers (a few steps from this marker); First Pennsylvania Cavalry (a few steps from this marker); Major General Alexander Webb
Waysides between the Copse of Trees and the Angle image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
3. Waysides between the Copse of Trees and the Angle
From left to right - Battlefield Landmarks-South and West, Pickett's Charge, The High Water Mark, and Cushing's Union Battery.
(within shouting distance of this marker); 106th Pennsylvania Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 3rd Maine Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Gettysburg.
 
More about this marker. In the upper center is a photo of the panoramic view described in the text.

To the lower center is a portrait of Brig. Gen. Alexander S. Webb who commanded a Pennsylvania brigade positioned near the Copse of Trees. When fear paralyzed some of his soldiers, Webb gallantly took hold of the colors to lead them forward. Preferring death to defeat, he wrote his wife, "When my men fell back, I almost wished to get killed."

On the lower right is a photo of Pvt. Marshall Sherman of the 1st Minnesota Infantry earned the Medal of Honor for helping to repulse Pickett's Charge near the Copse of Trees. In that action he captured the Confederate battle flag in the photo.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Battlefield Landmarks Panoramic View image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
4. Battlefield Landmarks Panoramic View
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,042 times since then and 104 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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