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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battle Opens

Cold Harbor Battlefield Park Walking Trail

 
 
The Battle Opens Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, February 15, 2009
1. The Battle Opens Marker
Inscription. By mid-afternoon on June 1, 1864, Ulysses S. Grant massed 45,000 Federals near Old Cold Harbor, 800 yards east of here. At 5:00 p.m. he ordered an attack, hoping to split Lee’s army into two parts. Six veteran New Jersey regiments under Colonel William H. Penrose crossed this ground and passed the nearby Garthright House. At first a “death-dealing artillery fire” raked the Federals, then blasts of Confederate musketry. The Federal attack stalled after an advance of more than a half mile. Penrose’s men quickly started digging a line of works 400 yards in front of you; for the remainder of the battle that would be the Union front line.

Killed in this bloody attack was Sergeant-Major A. Vorhes Wyckoff of the 15th New Jersey. Shot through the head, he died the next morning and was buried in the yard of the Garthright house. Today he rests across the road in the Cold Harbor National Cemetery.
 
Erected by Hanover County Parks and Recreation, National Park Service.
 
Location. 37° 35.305′ N, 77° 16.642′ W. Marker is near Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from Cold Harbor Road (Virginia Route 156) 0.2 miles east of Boatswain Lane, on the right when traveling east. Click for map
The Battle Opens Marker along the trail. Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, February 15, 2009
2. The Battle Opens Marker along the trail.
. This marker is located along a one-mile trail in the 50-acre Cold Harbor Battlefield Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6005 Cold Harbor Road, Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Cold Harbor Battlefield Walking Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Cold Harbor: June 2, 1864 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); From Farmland to Forest (about 300 feet away); Garthright House (about 300 feet away); Union Reserve Line (about 400 feet away); The Family Cemetery (about 400 feet away); Preparation For Battle (about 700 feet away); A Dreadful Harvest (about 800 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Mechanicsville.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photo of "Sergeant-Major A. Vorhes Wyckoff". On the left is a wartime sketch of the Union assault. The sketch carries the caption, "The initial Union assault moved past the Garthright House, June 1, 1864."
 
Also see . . .
1. Hanover County Parks and Recreation. Cold Harbor Battlefield Park (Submitted on February 17, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Richmond National Battlefield Park. Cold Harbor (Submitted on February 17, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

3. CWSAC Battle Summary. Cold Harbor (Submitted on February 17, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

4. Cold Harbor Battlefield Park Walking Trail. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Cold Harbor Battlefield preserved by Hanover County Parks and Recreation. (Submitted on February 17, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,056 times since then and 78 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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