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Cross Keys in Rockingham County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Cross Keys
Trimble’s Ravine

— 1862 Valley Campaign —
 
Battle of Cross Keys Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Robert H. Moore, II, January 30, 2009
1. Battle of Cross Keys Marker
 
Inscription. On June 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Isaac R, Trimble led part of the 15th Alabama Infantry Regiment through the then-swampy ravine in front of you to attack Union Gen. Louis Blenker’s division. Trimble intended to move around the 54th New York infantry Regiment on the rising ground beyond . he left the 21st Georgia Infantry, the 16th Mississippi Infantry, and the remaining portion of the 15th Alabama behind to make frontal assaults against the New Yorkers’ position.

At about the same time, the 54th New York withdrew from its position when it lost its artillery support after a senior union artillery officer ordered all guns withdrawn. Trimble erroneously believed his maneuver had caused the Union force to retreat. Later, as night fell, Trimble pressed his superior, Gen. Richard S. Ewell, to continue the battle. Ewell denied Trimble’s request and explained that the army had accomplished what Stonewall Jackson desired: to make Fremont timid about advancing on June 9.

Trimble rode to Port Republic to plead his case to Jackson for continued fighting. Jackson also denied his request. The Battle of Cross Keys was over. Caption: Gen. Isaac R. Trimble of Maryland was 60 years old at the time of the battle and was one of the oldest active Confederate general officers. The aggressive Trimble was wounded at the Second Battle of Manassas
 
View of Trimble's Ravine Photo, Click for full size
By Robert H. Moore, II, January 30, 2009
2. View of Trimble's Ravine
 
on August 1862. After returning to the army, he participated in the Pickett-Trimble-Pettigrew Charge on the third day at Gettysburg ,where he was wounded and captured. Trimble’s wound there cost his a leg.
 
Erected 2003 by Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation & Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 21.144′ N, 78° 49.052′ W. Marker is in Cross Keys, Virginia, in Rockingham County. Marker can be reached from Goods Mill Road (County Route 708), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. This is the third of three markers found at this site (Goods Mill Interpretive Area/Owen D. Graves Memorial Cross Keys Battlefield Wayside). Marker is in this post office area: Port Republic VA 24471, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Cross Keys (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Battle of Cross Keys (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Battle of Cross Keys (approx. half a mile away); Cross Keys Battlefield (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Battle of Cross Keys (approx. half a mile away but has been reported missing); a different marker also named Battle of Cross Keys (approx. half a mile away but has been reported missing); a different marker also named Battle of Cross Keys (approx. half a mile away but has been reported missing); Mill Creek Church (approx. one mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Cross Keys.
 
More about this marker. In the lower left is a portrait of Gen. Isaac R. Trimble of Maryland who was 60 years old at the time of the battle and was one of the oldest active Confederate general officers. The aggressive Trimble was wounded at the Second Battle of Manassas in August 1862. After returning to the army, he participated in the Pickett-Trimble-Pettigrew Charge on the third day at Gettysburg, where he was wounded and captured. Trimble's wound there cost him a leg. On the right side of the marker is a map illustrating the advance of Tremble's and Walker's commands.
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on February 17, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,411 times since then. Last updated on February 19, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on February 17, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
 
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