“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Freeman Store and Museum

Caught in Conflict

Freeman Store and Museum Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 2, 2007
1. Freeman Store and Museum Marker
Inscription. Caught in Conflict.

In 1859, Abram Lydecker, a New Jersey merchant, purchased land in Vienna on which to build a large combination dwelling and store. The Lydecker family was displaced early as the Civil War swirled around the small village. Vienna village changed hands many times and the Lydecker’s store and residence was occupied by both sides. Union officers were quartered here and kept their horses in the cellar. The Confederate army used it as a hospital.

The Alexandria, Loudoun and Hampshire Railroad passed nearby. A wooden bridge connected the store with the tracks. On June 17, 1861, Confederate troops ambushed and routed soldiers from four companies of the First Ohio Regiment less than one-half mile from this spot as they approached Vienna by train. The Federals, most of whom had left the train to fight, were forced to retreat on foot when the engineer hurriedly escaped with the locomotive and attached cars.

After the war, Anderson Freeman joined Lydecker, his father-in-law, in the business. When the next generation took over, it became the Freeman Store. The store closed in 1929 but remained a residence until the 1950s.

The Town of Vienna purchased the building in 1969. It was restored and opened as a museum and old-time general store. The restored building was dedicated June 6, 1976,
Close up View of Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 2, 2007
2. Close up View of Map
North seeking arrow added by submitter.
and is operated by volunteers of Historic Vienna, Inc.
Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 54.194′ N, 77° 15.925′ W. Marker is in Vienna, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is at the intersection of Church Street and Dominion Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Church Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 131 Church Street NE, Vienna VA 22180, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Vienna Centennial Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Vienna Station (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tracks into History (about 500 feet away); Salsbury Spring (approx. 0.3 miles away); Civil War Star Fort (approx. 0.3 miles away); On June 17, 1861 (approx. 0.4 miles away); Electric Trains on the W&OD (approx. 0.4 miles away); Civil War Action at Vienna (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Vienna.
More about this marker. The marker features two pictures. The main one is a photograph from the war of the store, captioned, “The Freeman House and Store during the War.” A smaller
Freeman Store with the Marker Seen on the Right image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 2, 2007
3. Freeman Store with the Marker Seen on the Right
newspaper drawing is captioned, “Fight on the railroad near Vienna, June 17, 1861.”

The marker also displays a map of Civil War related sites in Vienna.
Also see . . .
1. Historic Vienna - Freeman Store. (Submitted on July 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Civil War Sites Along the W & OD Trail. The Alexandria, Loudoun, and Hampshire became the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, and is now a rails-to-trails park. (Submitted on July 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil
Vienna Volunteer Fire Department image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 2, 2007
4. Vienna Volunteer Fire Department
Interpretive marker on the side of the store with pictures of Leon L. Freeman and the fire extinguisher.

Freeman House
Home of Leon L. Freeman
First President & Fire Chief
Vienna Volunteer Fire Department

In 1903 Leon L. Freeman called for a town meeting to establish the Vienna Volunteer Fire Department, the first in Fairfax County. Mr. Freeman served the VVFD through 1936.

The first piece of fire-fighting equipment was a 35 gallon chemical fire extinguisher which was moved by hand or pulled by horse. It was housed under this porch site.

This plaque presented by the Vienna Volunteer Fire Department in commemoration of their 100th Anniversary, 2003.
Freedom Hill Fort image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 20, 2007
5. Freedom Hill Fort
Located to the North of Freeman Store in a park off Old Courthouse Road (Route 677), Freedom Hill Fort was constructed to defend the approaches to Vienna from the various Confederate raiders active in the area. The existing earthworks are part of an artillery position.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,483 times since then and 148 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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