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Staunton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Barger House
The War's Lasting Effects
 
The Barger House Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, August 20, 2012
1. The Barger House Marker
 
Inscription. Relocated from its original site approximately fifty miles to the south on Little Patterson’s Creek in Botetourt County, Virginia, the Barger home, immediately in front of you, is an operational pre-Civil War farmstead from the Valley of Virginia. It is representative of the average agricultural livelihoods of common soldiers and noncombatant farmers in this region.

Because of his age, John Barger did not serve in the war, but two of his sons and a brother did fight for the Confederacy. His sons and brother survived the hostilities. The true test of the war, however, for the Barger family, fell in the area of finance. Prior to the war, Barger borrowed money from his family and the bank of Fincastle to purchase land and finance his farm. When t he prices of agricultural goods plummeted in the wake of war, he was unable to pay his debts, and on May 7, 1869, filed for bankruptcy. Two and a half years later, the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Virginia foreclosed on the property, a fate shared by many others in postwar Virginia. It is not clear how Barger fared financially after the event. However, by the 1880’s, a niece and her husband purchased the farmstead and heirs continued to reside on the property well into the latter part of the 20th century.

(Sidebar):
According to the 1860
 
The Barger House Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Robert H. Moore, II, March 4, 2009
2. The Barger House Marker
 
census, on the eve of the Civil War, the population of the ten county area from Harpers Ferry to Rockbridge County consisted of 26,410 slaves or 18 percent of the total population of the Shenandoah Valley. Fewer than 4,040 or 4 percent of the Valley’s population of 121,194 whites and free blacks were slaveholders. Additionally, more than 4,593 free blacks made up 3 percent of the population of the area and were involved in critical trade throughout the Valley.

Although no slaves worked on the Barger farmstead prior to the war, two blacks, “Law & wife Mell,” were listed as residents with the Barger family in the 1860 census. Little is known of their relations with the Barger family or what happened to them afterward.
 
Erected 2002 by The Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation, Virginia Civil War Trails, and the Frontier Culture Museum of Virginia.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 7.692′ N, 79° 2.645′ W. Marker is in Staunton, Virginia. Marker is on Avenue of Trees, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is located on the grounds of the Frontier Culture Museum of Virginia. While no admission fee is necessary to see the marker, the Barger House and farm is part of the outdoor museum exhibit and requires payment of the admission fee. Marker is in this post office area: Staunton VA 24401, United States of America.
 
The Barger House Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, August 20, 2012
3. The Barger House Marker
 

 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Great Indian Warrior Trading Path (approx. 0.4 miles away); Avenue of Trees (approx. 0.4 miles away); First Settler's Grave (approx. 0.4 miles away); United States National Military Cemetery - Staunton (approx. 0.9 miles away); Birthplace of Woodrow Wilson (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind (approx. 1.7 miles away); Dr. William Fleming (approx. 2 miles away); Staunton (approx. 2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Staunton.
 
Regarding The Barger House. In the lower left is a photo of The Barger House prior to relocation. In the center is a drawing titled "Reception in Staunton” by Porte Crayon (David Strother). In the lower center is a photo of a soldier captioned, The Valley contributed more than 60 percent of its eligible men to the war. To the lower right is a photo captioned, Valley women such as the Buck sisters were often among those left behind by soldiers to deal with the war on the home front. Also on the right is a map of the Shenandoah Valley indicating points of interest.
 
Additional keywords. Frontier Culture Museum of Virginia
 
The Barger House Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Robert H. Moore, II, March 4, 2009
4. The Barger House Marker
 
 
The Barger House Photo, Click for full size
By Robert H. Moore, II, March 4, 2009
5. The Barger House
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on March 4, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,170 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on August 24, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   2. submitted on March 4, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia.   3. submitted on August 24, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4, 5. submitted on March 4, 2009, by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
 
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