Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Wayne in Allen County, Indiana — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

First Americans

 
 
First Americans Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., December 30, 2008
1. First Americans Marker
Inscription. The confluence area of the Three Rivers was known to the native people since as early as the end of the last Ice Age, more than 10,000 years ago. As the glaciers melted and receded, they paused here creating a high point in the topography of the land. Early native people followed the edge of the glacier taking advantage of the food sources it provided, such as vegetation and wild game. The St. Mary's and St. Joseph Rivers join a few hundred yards east of this point and form the Maumee River that flows east to Lake Erie. The waters west of this high ground flow into the Wabash River and eventually to the Gulf of Mexico. Native Americans first settled in the area in the late 1600s near the Maumee-Wabash portage, the headwaters of the Maumee River. The French were the first Europeans to enter this area in the late 1600s. Because of the high ground, a land portage or carrying place was necessary to take advantage of the natural water passage from the Maumee to the Wabash. It was the shortest water route between the Great Lakes and the Gulf of Mexico. During seasons of heavy rains, this area was inundated with floodwaters. One of the first recorded floods here occurred in 1790. However, the Native Americans told of the great floods their people had experienced in prior years. Floods, such as the ones of 1790 and 1982, demonstrate why development
Great Meadow in Headwaters Park Photo, Click for full size
By William Fischer, Jr., December 30, 2008
2. Great Meadow in Headwaters Park
Several markers along path circling the Great Meadow, looking north with Clinton Street on the extreme left and the Hamilton Women Plaza on extreme distant right of photo. Fountain Plaza area is in right foreground.
of permanent settlements in the flood plain is unwise. Headwaters Park is the result of the lesson taught by the first Americans to settle here over 200 years ago.
 
Erected by City of Fort Wayne and Superior Essex.
 
Location. 41° 5.102′ N, 85° 8.329′ W. Marker is in Fort Wayne, Indiana, in Allen County. Click for map. Marker is one of a series that ring the Great Meadow in Headwaters Park, 333 S. Clinton Street. This marker is about 100 feet east of Clinton Street and about 20 feet SE of the Fountain Plaza. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Wayne IN 46802, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Fur Traders and the Military at Fort Wayne (within shouting distance of this marker); Headwaters Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Miami Legend of the Sandhill Crane (within shouting distance of this marker); Flood Retention Walls (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Effort To Build A Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Little Turtle (within shouting distance of this marker); The Floods (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Wabash & Erie Canal (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Fort Wayne.
 
Categories. Colonial EraDisastersNative AmericansNatural FeaturesSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,554 times since then and 98 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement