Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chester in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of Chester Station

May 10, 1864

 
 
Battle of Chester Station CWT Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 15, 2009
1. Battle of Chester Station CWT Marker
Inscription. On May 5, 1864, Gen. Benjamin F. Butler’s Union Army of the James landed at Bermuda Hundred to sever direct communication between Richmond and Petersburg. Five days later, desperate to keep the connection open, 2,000 Confederates under Gen. Robert Ransom advanced south from Drewry’s Bluff along the Richmond-Petersburg Turnpike (present-day U.S. Rte. 1). Three Federal infantry regiments and artillery formed a defensive line here that extended from the Winfree House east to the turnpike.

In grueling 100 degree heat, the Confederates tried twice to break the line. To your left, the 9th and 38th Virginia Infantry charged down the turnpike, and part of the 169th New York Infantry gave way, abandoning that portion of the line and one cannon. The 14th, 53rd, and 57th Virginia Infantry converged from three directions to make the second assault on the Federals around the Winfree House. As the defenders’ ammunition dwindled, desperately needed Union infantry and artillery reenforcements arrived just in time, deploying directly into the Winfree House lane and along the turnpike and checking the Virginians’ advance. Outnumbered, the beleaguered Southerners began to give ground.

Adding to the confusion, Federal artillery shells ignited the woods behind you. Wounded soldiers on both sides were in danger of burning to death. As
Battle of Chester Station Map Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 15, 2009
2. Battle of Chester Station Map
the fighting dwindled, a flag of truce was agreed on to rescue them. When night fell, both sides had had enough. The Confederates retired to Drewry’s Bluff, and the Federals withdrew east to Bermuda Hundred, leaving the smoldering battlefield behind. They had failed to cut Confederate communications and remained for months on the Bermuda Hundred peninsula.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Location. 37° 21.384′ N, 77° 25.284′ W. Marker is in Chester, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker is on West Hundred Road (Virginia Route 10) 0.1 miles east of Parker Lane, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. The marker is located in front of the Chester YMCA. Marker is in this post office area: Chester VA 23831, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Chester Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Chester Station Fight (approx. 0.6 miles away); Lee's Headquarters (approx. 0.9 miles away); Farrar's Island (approx. 0.9 miles away); Osbornes (approx. 0.9 miles away); The Howlett Line (approx. 1.3 miles away); Battery Dantzler (approx. 1.3 miles away); Parker’s Battery (approx. 1.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chester.
 
More about this marker.
West Hundred Road facing east Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 15, 2009
3. West Hundred Road facing east
On the lower left is a sketch captioned, “Capt. Alfred P. Rockwell’s 1st Connecticut Light Battery, posted near Winfree House, repulsing Confederate charge”.

On the upper right are photos of Union “Gen. Benjamin Butler” and Confederate “Gen Robert Ransom”.

On the lower right is a map detailing the battlefield movements.
 
Also see . . .
1. Chester Station Camp #1503 Sons of Confederate Veterans. Battle of Chester Station. (Submitted on March 16, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. CWSAC Battle Summary. Chester Station. (Submitted on March 16, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Battle of Chester Station Markers Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 15, 2009
4. Battle of Chester Station Markers
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,597 times since then and 180 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement