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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Jekyll Island in Glynn County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Horton House Historical Site

European Influence

 

—Jekyll Island —

 
Horton House Historical Site Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 18, 2009
1. Horton House Historical Site Marker
Inscription. William Horton decided to travel to Georgia with General James Oglethorpe in 1735. Unlike many passengers on the ship, Symond, he paid for his passage to America from England. Horton was granted 500 acres in return for paying for his passage. However, as a condition of the land grant he was expected to bring 10 indentured servants, one for every 50 acres, and have 20 percent of this granted land in cultivation within 10 years of his settlement in the new colony.
Horton was labeled an " adventurer" when he decided to travel to the new colony and left a wife and two young sons in England. His family did not join him in Georgia until he was settled and established on his property. It was nearly five years before Horton was able to return to England and bring his family back to his farm on Jekyll Island.

In 1736 when William Horton first arrived on Jekyll Island it could not have been more isolated. He was the first European to occupy this land and was responsible for the first sustainable farm. His closest neighbors were at the settlement Frederica on the island to the north, St. Simons Island. This was Horton's connection to civilization. The settlement was also home to Fort Frederica, the protection for settlers from Spanish and Native American attacks. At this fort Horton became a Major in the British
Map of Horton House Historical Site image. Click for full size.
Horton House Historical Site Marker
2. Map of Horton House Historical Site
Army, and second in command of the settlement, under General James Oglethorpe.
 
Erected by Friends of Historic Jekyll Island, Inc. , Jekyll Island Museum.
 
Location. 31° 6.123′ N, 81° 24.872′ W. Marker is in Jekyll Island, Georgia, in Glynn County. Marker is on Riverview Drive, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. near Major Horton Dr. and house ruins. Marker is in this post office area: Jekyll Island GA 31527, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Horton House (a few steps from this marker); Horton House Historic Site (within shouting distance of this marker); Poulain DuBignon and DuBignon Burying Ground (within shouting distance of this marker); Tabby (within shouting distance of this marker); Major William Horton (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Horton House Historic Site (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Le Sieur Christophe Anne Poulain Du Bignon (about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Horton House Historical Site (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Jekyll Island.
 
Regarding Horton House Historical Site. Major Horton cleared fields here for cultivation of crops which supplied
Horton House Historical Site image. Click for full size.
Horton House Historical Site Marker
3. Horton House Historical Site
Left picture Courtsey of the Center for Manuscripts and Rare books, the Royal Library, Copenhagen, Denmark . Right picture View of Fort Frederica and surrounding settlement, Courtsey of Fort Frederica National Monument, NPS.
the settlers at Frederica on St. Simons Island, a neighboring island, who would have suffered except for this assistance.
Major Horton was a trusted officer chosen by James Oglethorpe for
important missions. Upon Oglethorpe`s final return to England in 1743, Major Horton succeeded him as commander of the military forces of the Colony of Georgia.
 
Also see . . .  Fort Frederica, National Park Service. established in 1736 by James Oglethorpe to protect the southern boundary of his new colony of Georgia from the Spanish in Florida. Colonists from England, Scotland, and the Germanic states came to Georgia to support this endeavor. (Submitted on March 26, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraNotable PersonsNotable PlacesSettlements & Settlers
 
Historical Horton House ruins image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, March 18, 2009
4. Historical Horton House ruins
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 820 times since then and 65 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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