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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Martinsburg in Berkeley County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex

 
 
Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
1. Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex Marker
Inscription. National Civil Engineering Landmark. The re-construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Roundhouse and Shop Complex commenced soon after the end of the American Civil War in 1865. This complex included two roundhouses and two significant shop buildings. The centerpiece of the railroad complex was the West Roundhouse, which can be seen in the immediate foreground. Roundhouse construction started in 1965 and was completed in 1966. The shop buildings, Bridge and Machine Shop and Frog and Switch Shop, were completed in 1967 and the East Roundhouse was completed in 1872. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad needed to re-build quickly to keep up with the competition. The post-war western expansion of the United States was underway, and the reconstruction and growth of the railroads were a key factor in making it possible.

The shop buildings were designed by architects John Niernsee and James Nielson, and the two roundhouses were based on designs developed by Albert Fink, a noteworthy figure in the evolution of civil engineering in the United States. Fink, a German born and educated engineer working with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, collaborated with Benjamin H. Latrobe, Jr. and developed designs in the early 1950ís using cast iron framing components to support the walls and magnificent roof structures for roundhouses at Grafton
Three Markers Overlooking the Shops Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
2. Three Markers Overlooking the Shops
Markers on a rise across the railroad tracks from the shops, across from the Belle Boyd Complex. The train station is to the right. The West Roundhouse is behind the tree.
and Piedmont, West Virginia. The Fink designs were adapted for the Martinsburg roundhouse, which is the only surviving structure using this creative design.

Albert Fink went on to become not only a significant designer of railroad bridges and structures, but also a respected railway economist who helped establish a regulatory framework for American railroads that helped restore their financial health in the late 1800ís. As further recognition of his stature as an engineer, in 1880 he served as president of the American Society of Civil Engineers.
 
Erected 2006 by American Society of Civil Engineers.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) marker series.
 
Location. 39° 27.588′ N, 77° 57.678′ W. Marker is in Martinsburg, West Virginia, in Berkeley County. Marker is on East Race Street east of North Spring Street, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is near the Belle Boyd House. Marker is in this post office area: Martinsburg WV 25401, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Shop Complex (here, next to this marker); Martinsburg Roundhouse (here, next to this marker); Belle Boyd House
West Roundhouse and Shops as Seen from the Station Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
3. West Roundhouse and Shops as Seen from the Station
(within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Belle Boyd House (within shouting distance of this marker); Berkeley Hotel (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Roundhouses and Shops / Railroad Strike of 1877 (about 600 feet away); Avenue of Flags Monument (approx. 0.3 miles away); Civil War Martinsburg (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Martinsburg.
 
Also see . . .
1. Martinsburg Roundhouse Center Use Plan. Includes aerial photograph. (Submitted on June 19, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.) 

2. Martinsburg B&O Roundhouse. (Submitted on June 19, 2007.)
3. East End: B & O's Neck of the Bottle. Harpers Ferry to Cumberland 1842 - 1992. (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
4. Baltimore and Ohio in West Virginia (Images of Rail). (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
5. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in the Potomac Valley (Golden Years of Railroading). (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
6. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (Railroad Color History). (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
7. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (MBI Railroad Color History). (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
8. Baltimore and Ohio's Capitol Limited and National Limited (Great Passenger Trains). (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
9. Route of the National Limited (Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Service, Volume 1). (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
10. Route of the Capitol Limited (Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Service, Volume 2). (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
11. The Great Road: The Building of the Baltimore and Ohio, the Nation's First Railroad 1828 - 1853. (Submitted on May 2, 2008, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.)
 
Categories. LandmarksRailroads & Streetcars
 
Westernmost Shop Building Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
4. Westernmost Shop Building
West Roundhouse, Rear View Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
5. West Roundhouse, Rear View
Shop Building Between the West and East Roundhouses Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
6. Shop Building Between the West and East Roundhouses
Remains of the East Roundhouse Photo, Click for full size
By Tom Fuchs, June 16, 2007
7. Remains of the East Roundhouse
The upper story of the 1842 station can be seen above the roundhouse wall.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 2,634 times since then and 104 times this year. Last updated on , by Robert H. Moore, II of Winchester, Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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