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Charleston in Mississippi County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Mississippi County
 
Front Side Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 17, 2009
1. Front Side
 
Inscription. (Front):
Comprising 411 square miles of Missouri's great alluvial plain, this county, organized in 1845, is a high producer of cotton, grain, and soybeans. The Mississippi (Algonquin Indian for Great Water), flowing along some 70 miles of the county's eastern boundary, separates it from Ill. and Ky. A boundary dispute over Wolf Island was settled, 1871, in Kentucky's favor by U.S. Supreme Court.

Charleston, the county seat, known today as "Cotton Capital" and shoe manufacturing center, was first called Mathews' Prairie for John Mathews, settler on a Spanish grant there, 1801. John Rodney laid out the town, named for Chas. Moore, 1837, on land of W.P. Bernard, Joseph Moore, and Thankful Randol.

First settlement was Birds Point across from Cairo, Ill., where a 1-mile bridge, built 1929, crosses the river. John Johnson came there, 1800, and Abraham Bird (later one of founders of Hannibal) had a trading post and river landing, 1805. Settled by Ky. and Tenn. Pioneers, the country lies in the 1808 Osage Indian land cession. 350 prehistoric mounds remain. New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-12 violently affected the country.
(See other side)

(Back):
(Continued from other side)
In Mississippi County is historic Belmont Battlefield. There on Nov. 7, 1861, Gen. U.S. Grant with 3114 troops
 
Back of Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 17, 2009
2. Back of Marker
 
saved the forces of Col. R.J. Oglesby from possible capture by engaging 2500 Confederates under Gen. G.J. Pillow in a 6-hour battle. Union losses were 485; Confederates, who held Belmont, lost 641. A chain was put across the river from Confed. held Columbus, Ky., to Belmont in a futile effort to halt Union gunboats. Part of the chain is in Columbus-Belmont Battlefield State Park, Ky. From 1861-65, the county suffered continual war activity.

Among towns founded after the war, is East Prairie, laid out in 1883 as Hibbard. Today's 2 branches of the Mo. Pac. R.R. date from 1869, the St. Louis Southwestern from the late 1890's. In the 1880's, large lumber companies came to harvest the fine forests. First levees were built in 1890's.

Big Oak Tree State Park, opened in the county, 1937, is a 1007-acre botanical garden with some of largest oak trees in U.S. In the county was born the archaeologist Thomas Beckwith (1840-1913) and it was the home of writer, planter Thad Snow (1881-1955).
 
Erected 1959 by State Historical Society of Missouri and State Highway Commission.
 
Location. 36° 55.324′ N, 89° 18.18′ W. Marker is in Charleston, Missouri, in Mississippi County. Marker is on East Marshall Street (U.S. 62), on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located in front of the Charleston Country Club. Marker is in this post office area: Charleston MO 63834, United States of America.
 
Marker at the Country Club Entrance Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 17, 2009
3. Marker at the Country Club Entrance
 

 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, as the crow flies. York the Slave (approx. 9.1 miles away in Illinois); Duncan Cannon (approx. 9.1 miles away in Illinois); The Beginning of the Third Principal Meridian (approx. 9.4 miles away in Illinois); The Ohio River Bridge (approx. 9.6 miles away in Illinois); Cairo, Illinois (approx. 9.6 miles away in Illinois); Historical Survey Marker (approx. 9.6 miles away in Illinois); Lewis & Clark (approx. 9.6 miles away in Illinois); Lewis and Clark in Illinois (approx. 9.6 miles away in Illinois).
 
Also see . . .
1. Birds Point. Birds Point sat at the northern terminus of the Cotton Belt Railroad, extending from the Mississippi River southwest into Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. (Submitted on April 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Battle of Belmont. Short synopsis of the battle. (Submitted on April 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Big Oak Tree State Park. (Submitted on April 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Bridge at Bird Point Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, March 17, 2009
4. Bridge at Bird Point
Looking from the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to the north. The "old" US Highway 60/62 bridge crosses the Mississippi between Cairo, Illinois and Birds Point, Missouri (the distant shore).
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on April 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,257 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 6, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.
 
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