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Greenwich in Cumberland County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Hot Tea

Greenwich Tea Burning Monument

 

óMaritime History ó

 
Hot Tea Marker image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
1. Hot Tea Marker
Inscription. In the winter of 1774, the American colonies were struggling to define their future relationship with Great Britain. The British tax on tea had sparked the 1773 Boston Tea Party. The harsh response, to close the port of Boston, lead to the First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia. Congressís non-importation, non-exportation agreement asked colonists not to buy or sell goods from the mother country as a way of putting economic pressure on England. Not far from this spot, in the dark of night on December 22, 1774, some residents of Cumberland County demonstrated their agreement with this recommendation by burning a cargo of British tea.

New Jersey and Independence

When fighting broke out in April 1775, New Jersey was ready. Despite opposition, infantry was raised to support the fledgling army. During the winter, a voice for the American cause was heard in the “Plain Dealer” posted at Potterís Tavern in Bridgeton.

As in other American colonies, opinion was split over how to respond to the problems with Great Britain. Many believed good relations could be restored. Others felt that independence was the only solution.

In July, 1776, New Jersey joined the other colonies with her vote for Independence.
 
Erected by National
Hot Tea Marker and the Greenwich Tea Burning Monument image. Click for full size.
By R. C.
2. Hot Tea Marker and the Greenwich Tea Burning Monument
Park Service, State of New Jersey Division of Parks and History.
 
Location. 39° 23.3′ N, 75° 20.3′ W. Marker is in Greenwich, New Jersey, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of Ye Greate Street and Market Street on Ye Greate Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Greenwich NJ 08323, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Greenwich Tea Burning Monument (here, next to this marker); Welcome to Greenwich Township (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gibbon House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Old Stone Tavern (approx. 0.4 miles away); Wood House (approx. half a mile away); Little Stone School (approx. one mile away); Baptist Log Meeting House (approx. 4.1 miles away); Old Broad Street Presbyterain Church (approx. 5.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Greenwich.
 
Regarding Hot Tea. Caption, first picture:
Located sixe miles from the mouth of the Cohansey River, Greenwich was the first town reached by ships traveling up river. Before the Revolution, it was a prosperous trade community. This is a detail from a 1778 map.

Caption, second picture:
In mid December, tea from the brig “Greyhound” was stored in the Greenwich home of a known British sympathizer for protection. (Drawing is of a similar brig).

Caption, third picture:
On December 22, 1774, Greenwich conducted a general town meeting to discuss the recommendations of the first Continental Congress. It was decided that they would enforce the agreement. Sometime during the night, the cargo of British tea was taken from storage and burned in the middle of Market Square.

Caption, fourth picture:
Twice, men were charged with destroying the British tea. Even with a Tory judge and sheriff, the juries were unable to indict the defendants – underscoring a growing allegiance with those supporting independence.

Caption, fifth picture:
The 134th anniversary of the tea burning in Greenwich was commemorated in 1908 with a monument erected in Market Square, not far from where the fire was lit for liberty.

Graphic Images courtesy of Cumberland County Historical Society, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, and Salem Maritime NHP.
 
Also see . . .  New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route. National Park Service website. (Submitted on August 15, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 817 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by R. C. of Shrewsbury, New Jersey. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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