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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Charles City in Charles City County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Shifting Ground

 
 
Shifting Grounds CWT Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 28, 2009
1. Shifting Grounds CWT Marker
Inscription. During most of the Civil War (1861-1865), Charles City County lay between two armies: the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia safeguarding the Confederate capital of Richmond and the Union Army of the Potomac occupying the Lower Peninsula. As a result, Charles City Courthouse passed in and out of the hands of both armies more than once during the war.

When Union forces evacuated Harrison’s landing in August 1862, more than 60,000 men marched past Charles City Courthouse on their way to Williamsburg. Souvenir seekers rummaged through old records in the clerk’s office, carrying some off and destroying others.

Charles City Courthouse fell into Union hands again in June 1864, when Gen. Grant moved 115,000 men across the county and the James River in a lightning-swift assault on the city of Petersburg. By the time of this occupation the tavern and other buildings had been burned.

(sidebar)
Discovery Center
G.W. Jones and eighty-nine other members of the 24th Virginia Cavalry were captured here in a surprise attack early on the morning of Sunday, December 13, 1863. One of the captives turned out to be a woman. Union soldiers said she fought as well as the men. Why do you think a woman might have disguised herself as a man so that she could join the army?
Book cover and photo.
Charles City Courthouse & Clerks Office (Visitor Center). Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 28, 2009
2. Charles City Courthouse & Clerks Office (Visitor Center).
CWT panel & Confederate Soldiers Monument.
"Frances Clayton in the uniform of a Union Soldier. Courtesy Trustees of the Boston Public Library."
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails, Charles City Courthouse, Waste Management.
 
Location. 37° 20.5′ N, 77° 4.344′ W. Marker is in Charles City, Virginia, in Charles City County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Courthouse Road (Virginia Route 155) and Watermelon Fields Road. Click for map. The CWT panel is on the lawn of the old Charles City Courthouse. Marker is in this post office area: Charles City VA 23030, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Three Courthouse Essentials (a few steps from this marker); Eye Witness to a Revolution (a few steps from this marker); America’s 3rd Oldest Courthouse (a few steps from this marker); Charles City C. H. (approx. 0.2 miles away); New Hope & Court House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Greenway (approx. 0.6 miles away); North Bend (approx. 1.2 miles away); Kittiewan and Doctor Rickman (approx. 1.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Charles City.
 
More about this marker. On the upper left is a "Robert K. Sneeden watercolor. Courtesy Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia."
On
Charles City Confederate Soldiers Monument (north face). Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 28, 2009
3. Charles City Confederate Soldiers Monument (north face).
To the Confederate Soldiers of Charles City County 1861-1865.
the upper right is a period photo of the "Ruins of tavern and other buildings, June 13, 1864. Courtesy Library of Congress."
On the middle right is a "Robert K. Sneeden Map. Courtesy Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia."
On the lower right is a period photo of "Union forces at Charles City Courthouse, June 13, 1864. Courtesy Library of Congress."
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Charles City Confederate Soldiers Monument (west face). Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 28, 2009
4. Charles City Confederate Soldiers Monument (west face).
Defenders of constitutional liberty and the right of self government.
Charles City Confederate Soldiers Monument (south face). Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 28, 2009
5. Charles City Confederate Soldiers Monument (south face).
Erected A.D. 1900.
Charles City County Confederate Soldiers Monument (east face). Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, March 28, 2009
6. Charles City County Confederate Soldiers Monument (east face).
Pro Aris et Focis. (For God and Country)
Charles City Court House, Va. Rear view of the courthouse. Photo, Click for full size
By Timothy H. O'Sullivan, June 13, 1864
7. Charles City Court House, Va. Rear view of the courthouse.
Library of Congress LC-B811-0409
Charles City Court House, Va. Ruins of houses. Photo, Click for full size
June 13, 1864
8. Charles City Court House, Va. Ruins of houses.
Library of Congress LC-B811-0780A
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 885 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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