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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Augustine in Saint Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

112 M.L. King Avenue

ACCORD Freedom Trail

 
 
112 M.L. King Avenue Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Gwendolyn Duncan, February 24, 2008
1. 112 M.L. King Avenue Marker
112 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Ave. is the former home of the Bell Family who provided lodging for the supporters of the civil rights efforts. One of them was J.T. Johnson longtime aide of Dr. King, who took part in the famous swim-in at the Monson Motor Lodge Pool when the manager poured acid into it.
Inscription. This house was built between 1904 and 1910 on what was then called Central Avenue. The name was changed in 1986. There are many streets in America named to honor Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., but this one is special because he actually walked on it in the course of changing history.

In 1964 this was the home of Robert Victor Bell, who worked for the Post Office, and his wife Willie Mae Bell. The family was active in the civil rights movement, and their daughter, Veronica, was one of the pioneers of school desegregation in St. Augustine. The Bells provided lodging for people who came to town to support the civil rights efforts here. One of them was J.T. Johnson, a longtime aide to Dr. King, who took part in one of the most famous incidents of the movement: what came to be known as “the splash heard `round the world.”

On June 18, 1964, a swim-in was held at the Monson Motor Lodge on the bayfront. Johnson and his colleagues were shown in what became the most famous photograph ever taken in St. Augustine--of the motel manager pouring acid in the pool while they were swimming. That horrifying image of “Southern Hospitality” showed the world why the old segregated way of doing things had to end.

The photograph appeared on the front page of the Washington, D.C. newspaper the day that
112 M.L. King Avenue Residence Photo, Click for full size
By James R. Murray, May 20, 2014
2. 112 M.L. King Avenue Residence
the United States Senate voted to pass the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, outlawing discrimination in hotels, motels, restaurants and employment.

This Historic Marker Presented this 2nd Day of July, 2008 by Northrop Grumman.
 
Erected 2008.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Florida, St. Augustine Freedom Trail marker series.
 
Location. 29° 53.122′ N, 81° 18.882′ W. Marker is in St. Augustine, Florida, in Saint Johns County. Marker is on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue near Pomar Street, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 112 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 102 M.L. King Avenue (within shouting distance of this marker); 97 M.L. King Avenue (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 111 Lincoln Street (about 400 feet away); 113 DeHaven Street (about 400 feet away); 120 DeHaven Street (about 500 feet away); St. Paul A.M.E. Church (about 500 feet away); 84 St. Benedict Street (about 600 feet away); 222 Riberia Street (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in St. Augustine.
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsPeace
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Gwendolyn Duncan of St. Augustine, Florida. This page has been viewed 2,076 times since then and 130 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Gwendolyn Duncan of St. Augustine, Florida.   2. submitted on , by James R. Murray of Elkton, Florida. • Christopher Busta-Peck was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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