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Fremont in Sandusky County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Fort Stephenson

War of 1812

 
 
Fort Stephenson Marker </b>(front) Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
1. Fort Stephenson Marker (front)
Inscription. [Marker Front]:
Victoriously defended by Major George Croghan. Battle of Fort Stephenson, August 2, 1813.

Built on this spot 1812-1813 and named for Col. Mills Stephenson, one of its builders.

[Marker Reverse]:
Major George Croghan, age 21, took command in July 1813. He was surrounded Aug. 1 by 2,000 Indians under Tecumseh, bombarded from the river by British ships. He had but 160 men and 1 cannon, Old Betsy. The British under Gen. Henry Proctor with 400 men attacked Aug. 2, were repulsed with heavy loses and retreated to Canada. This ended the war on U.S. soil in the west. Perry's victory on Lake Erie came Sept. 10. Our invasion of Canada followed. Proctor was defeated and Tecumseh killed Oct. 5 in the Battle of the Thames, southern Ontario.
 
Erected 1972 by The Sandusky County Historical Society and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 1-72.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 41° 20.766′ N, 83° 6.936′ W. Marker is in Fremont, Ohio, in Sandusky County. Marker is at the intersection of Croghan Street and High Street, on the right when traveling
Fort Stephenson Marker </b>(reverse) Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
2. Fort Stephenson Marker (reverse)
east on Croghan Street. Click for map. This historical marker is located on the north side of the Birchard Public Library, which was built on the site of Fort Stephenson,. Marker is at or near this postal address: 423 Croghan St., Fremont OH 43420, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Fort Stephenson (a few steps from this marker); Old Betsy (within shouting distance of this marker); Soldier's Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); In Commemoration (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line but has been reported missing); Fremont (about 400 feet away); Near This Spot (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Fremont (about 800 feet away); Indian Gantlet and Race Course (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fremont.
 
More about this marker. This historical marker is located on a rise, over looking the Sandusky River Valley, on the former site of Fort Stephenson, surrounded by a cluster of additional memorials, plaques, and monuments, all of which are there to commemorate the events that took place at Fort Stephenson during the war of 1812.
 
Regarding Fort Stephenson. As part of his preparations to recapture
Fort Stephenson Monument and Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
3. Fort Stephenson Monument and Marker
Detroit and invade Canada, General William Henry Harrison built a chain of forts northward, along both the Sandusky River Valley and the Sandusky-Scioto Trail, from what is now Upper Sandusky, Ohio (Fort Ferree), to what is now Tiffin, Ohio (Fort Ball), to what is now Old Fort, Ohio (Fort Seneca), all the way to what is now Fremont, Ohio (Fort Stephenson). These forts were intended to protect the American lines of supply and communication as General Harrison attempted to both position and build up his forces while he was seeking the opportunity for an invasion of British controlled Canada.

The British General Henry Proctor, on the other hand, was seeking to take the battle to the Americans and deal them a set back in their invasion plans. He had been unsuccessful in his attempt to hand the Americans a major defeat in his seige of Fort Meigs on the Maumee River, but rather than returning to Canada and appearing weak to his Native American allies he sought to gain some advantage by attacking what he felt would be a softer and more vulnerable target, the considerably smaller fortification and garrison at Fort Stephenson on the banks of the Sandusky River.
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesMilitaryNative AmericansWar of 1812
 
Fort Stephenson Memorial Plaque Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
4. Fort Stephenson Memorial Plaque
Located on front lawn of Birchard Public Library. It reads “Fort Stephenson. Most gallantly defended by Major George Croghan with but 160 men against 1300 British and Indians under Gen. Proctor and Tecumseh on August 2, 1813.”
Fort Stephenson /Birchard Public Library Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
5. Fort Stephenson /Birchard Public Library
View of the rise that Fort Stephenson was built on, and the current site of the Birchard Public Library
Old Betsy Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
6. Old Betsy
The advantageous positioning and use of this cannon provided the outnumbered American garrison with the edge that they needed for victory.
Old Betsy Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
7. Old Betsy
“Cannon used by Major George Croghan against the British and Indians in the defense of Fort Stephenson Aug. 1st and 2nd, 1813”
Fort Stephenson Monument Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
8. Fort Stephenson Monument
“In memory of the victorious defense of Fort Stephenson, on this spot, by Major George Croghan and the brave men of his command. August 2, 1813.”
Fort Stephenson Monument Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, August 6, 2008
9. Fort Stephenson Monument
At the base of the Fort Stephenson Monument is the burial site of Major George Croghan, the defender of Fort Stephenson. The stone reads “George Croghan, Major 17th U. S. Infantry, defender of Fort Stephenson August 1 & 2, 1813. Born Locust Grove, Ky. 15 Nov. 1781, died New Orleans La. 8 Jan. 1849. Colonel Inspector General, United States Army. Remains removed from Croghan family burying ground, Locust Grove, Ky. 2 August 1906.”
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,331 times since then and 116 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   9. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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