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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lincoln in Middlesex County, Massachusetts — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Weapon of the Day

 
 
Weapon of the Day Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 17, 2009
1. Weapon of the Day Marker
Inscription. On April 19th, 1775, Colonists and British soldiers used the same type of gun – a flintlock musket that fired a one ounce solid lead ball. The effective range was one hundred yards (the length of a modern football field). These weapons were smooth bore – there were no groves in the barrel to put a spin on the ball to make it fly straight. Also, the ball was undersized to facilitate quick loading. Because muskets were not very accurate, they were most effective when fired by lines of soldiers, in volleys. The Colonists firing individually along the Battle Road did not hit their mark very often. However, they were effective at keeping up a steady, harassing gunfire.

Well-drilled soldiers using prepared cartridges could load and fire three or more times a minute. Soldiers tore open the paper cartridge with their teeth and sprinkled a small amount of gunpowder into the priming pan of the weapon. The remainder of the cartridge (powder, ball and paper wrapping) was placed into the muzzle and rammed down with the ramrod. When the trigger was pulled, the flint was forced forward, striking the steel frizzen and making sparks. The powder ignited, causing the gun to fire. However, flints often failed to spark, damp powder failed to ignite and powder fouling caused difficulties in loading. Colonists carried swords, axes or bayonets
Marker along the Battle Road Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 17, 2009
2. Marker along the Battle Road
as back-up.
 
Erected by Minute Man National Historical Park.
 
Location. 42° 26.941′ N, 71° 16.815′ W. Marker is in Lincoln, Massachusetts, in Middlesex County. Marker is at the intersection of N Great Road (Massachusetts Route 2A) and Mill Street, on the right when traveling west on N Great Road. Click for map. Marker is located in Minute Man National Historic Park, along the Battle Road. It can be accessed from the Paul Revere Capture Site parking lot. Marker is in this post office area: Lincoln MA 01773, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. End of Paul Revere’s Midnight Ride (within shouting distance of this marker); The Capture of Paul Revere (within shouting distance of this marker); The Midnight Riders (within shouting distance of this marker); Paul Revere Capture Site (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Thorning Boulder (approx. 0.3 miles away); Josiah Nelson House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Thomas Nelson Jr. House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Minute Man Visitor Center (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Lincoln.
 
More about this marker. The left side of the marker features a picture of a British Grenadier firing his flintlock. The right side of the marker contains a picture of the workings of a flintlock and a picture depicting fighting between the Colonists and British Regulars. The top of the marker shows the nine steps required during musket drill.
 
Also see . . .
1. Minute Man National Historical Park. National Park Service website. (Submitted on April 24, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. The Battle of Concord. The American Revolutionary War website. (Submitted on May 7, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 894 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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