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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Defiance in Defiance County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Fort Winchester

Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail

 

—Wayne-Harrison-Winchester-Clay-Bird Marches —

 
Fort Winchester Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, May 3, 2009
1. Fort Winchester Marker
Inscription.
Ohio
Revolutionary
Memorial
Trail

Wayne • Harrison
Winchester • Clay
Bird
1780 • Marches • 1813
— • —
Fort
Win-
chester
————>

 
Erected 1930 by Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission. (Marker Number A96.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission marker series.
 
Location. 41° 17.231′ N, 84° 21.435′ W. Marker is in Defiance, Ohio, in Defiance County. Marker is at the intersection of Fort Street and Washington Avenue, on the right when traveling west on Fort Street. Click for map. This historical marker is located just southeast of the site of Fort Defiance, at the juncture of the Auglaize River with the Maumee River. Marker is in this post office area: Defiance OH 43512, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Defiance (a few steps from this marker); Fort Defiance Flagstaff (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fort Defiance (within shouting distance of this marker); The Indian Wars
Fort Winchester Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, May 3, 2009
2. Fort Winchester Marker
View of historic marker (at the corner of Fort St. and Washington Ave.) and its close positioning to the Fort Defiance historical site.
(within shouting distance of this marker); Buffalo Were Recorded Here In 1718 (within shouting distance of this marker); Spemica Lawba-Johnny Logan (within shouting distance of this marker); Fort Defiance, 1794 (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fort Winchester (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Defiance.
 
More about this marker. This historical marker is part of the Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail series which was put in place in 1930 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the Ohio's Revolutionary War era Battle of Piqua, by the Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission.

In order to accomplish this, in 1929 the state of Ohio created the Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission, and then in 1930 this commission created 22 military trails, throughout western Ohio, between Cincinnati, Ohio on the state's southern border and Toledo, Ohio on the state's northern border. Each of these military trails represented the routes, or trails, used by military leaders during either the Revolutionary War, the Indian Wars, or the War of 1812. Each of these military routes
Fort Winchester Marker image, Click for more information
By Dale K. Benington, May 3, 2009
3. Fort Winchester Marker
View of historical marker that marks the actual site of Fort Winchester (some two blocks away, south on Washington Ave.).
Click for more information.
connected various related historical sites, that were marked with Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission (type C) markers, along each of military trails.

The routes of these military trails were in turn marked by type A and type B Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission markers that served as directional (type B) and distance (type A) markers. This particular marker is one of the type A markers of the Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail series.

Originally, back in 1930, according to the ORMC 1931 Planning Report, there were erected 168 some of these Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission, type A, markers. To date, I know of only 3 of these type A markers that have been located and posted on the Historical Marker database (markers A95, A96, and A1340). A large number of them are presently missing, but this particular marker is one of the few remaining type A, Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission markers.
 
Regarding Fort Winchester. Althought the main focus of this historical marker is to point the way to a War of 1812 American military fortification named Fort Winchester, located two blocks south on Washington Avenue, this marker spans events preceding the War of 1812.

As part of the "Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail" system, this historical marker indicates that several significant military leaders and their
Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail Map Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington
4. Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail Map
A view of an original Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail Map, from 1930. For a better view double click on this picture.
followers, from our historic past, had passed through this very area while engaged in one of their military campaigns. In 1780, Bird led a combined Native-American and British irregular outfit in a raid against American settlements in neighboring Kentucky, during the Revolutionary War. Wayne led an American army against the Native-Americans living in the Maumee Valley during the Indian Wars of 1790-1795. And Harrison, Winchester, and Clay all led American forces through this area during the War of 1812.
 
Also see . . .
1. Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail System. A description of the Revolutionary Memorial Trail System developed by the state of Ohio in 1929 - 1930. (Submitted on June 9, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. Cartographic Map of the (Western) Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Trail, 1930. This is a link to information provided by the Midpointe Library System. Middletown, Trenton, West Chester, Ohio (Submitted on September 8, 2014, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

3. 1931 'Biennium Report of the Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission'. This is a link to information provided by the Ohio War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission's website, regarding the Ohio Revolutionary Memorial Commission's military trails system and trail markers. (Submitted on March 23, 2016, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. Forts, CastlesNative AmericansWar of 1812Wars, US Indian
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,420 times since then and 94 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   4. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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