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Burkeville in Nottoway County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Burkeville Junction

“Sights never to be forgotten”

 

—Wilson-Kautz Raid —

 
Burkeville Junction CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 10, 2009
1. Burkeville Junction CWT Marker
Inscription. In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and rolling stock. Burkeville Junction, where the two lines crossed, was the raiders’ principal target.

Kautz’s force arrived about 3 p.m. on June 23, “meeting but slight resistance” from about 300 Confederate infantrymen who retreated to nearby High Bridge. Many wounded Confederates in the wayside hospital were left behind. The depot, storehouses, support structures, and track were destroyed, but advance warning had given local Confederates time to remove the stores and rolling stock to safety. The Federals destroyed the rail lines in all four directions for up to six miles.

“When General Kautz,s command arrived at Burkeville, the destruction of the railroad began. The scene presented at Burkeville and Keysville, after dark set in, was demon-like; the burning track visible for miles, the moving figures of men carrying fuel to feed the flames, the iron rails twisted by heat into strange attitudes, were sights never to be forgotten. The men worked with spirit and cheerfully, notwithstanding their great fatigue after marching all day, and getting little sleep when
Burkeville CWT Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 10, 2009
2. Burkeville CWT Markers
night came, the work lasted far into the night and the usual hour of starting was 2 or 3 a.m., so that the command might be well on the road by daylight. The Second Brigade destroyed about five miles of track on the Lynchburg road above the junction, went to bivouac at midnight, and was aroused at 4 a.m. to finish the destruction of the junction, which was done in an hour.”
– Trooper, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry

“Several vacant stores at Burkeville were fitted with sick and wounded Confederate soldiers, and a great number were lying on cots under the shade of trees. The local physician in charge of these unfortunates appeared to be taxed beyond his resources. The condition of the sick and wounded was deplorable, some were lying unattended on the floor; no screens to the doors and windows; the flies were in swarms about those unable to help themselves. Such is war! The men did all in their power to alleviate the condition of their enemies, but it was little they could do; when the morning came, several of the poor fellows were dead.” - Trooper, 11th Pennsylvania Cavalry
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 11.353′ 
Burkeville Depot image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 10, 2009
3. Burkeville Depot
N, 78° 12.196′ W. Marker is in Burkeville, Virginia, in Nottoway County. Marker can be reached from 2nd Street NW (Business U.S. 460) near Maple Road. Click for map. The marker is located in front of the Burkeville Depot. Marker is in this post office area: Burkeville VA 23922, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Burkeville Junction (here, next to this marker); Wilson-Kautz Raid (here, next to this marker); Burkeville (within shouting distance of this marker); Ingleside Training Institute (approx. 0.7 miles away); Prince Edward County / Nottoway County (approx. 1.9 miles away); Ella Graham Agnew (approx. 2.5 miles away); T. O. Sandy (approx. 2.5 miles away); Old Nottoway Meeting House (approx. 2.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Burkeville.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a sketch captioned, "Artist Alfred R. Waud's wartime drawing of Wilson's Raid."
 
Also see . . .  Civil War Traveler - Southside Virginia & Lee's Retreat. Wilson-Kautz Raid. Burkeville Junction. (Submitted on May 18, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
"Wing Map" on Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, April 18, 2010
4. "Wing Map" on Marker
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 808 times since then and 100 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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