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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Harpers Ferry in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Water Tunnels

 
 
Water Tunnels Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
1. Water Tunnels Marker
Inscription. Tunnels increased power. Here water from the inner basin, located off to your right, flowed through a series of underground passages. With openings smaller at the downstream end - like a nozzle on a garden hose - these tunnels increased the water's flow. This increased pressure created more waterpower for the factories.

As you continue along the trail, look for evidence of the river wall and the head gates - other features of this elaborate waterpower system, first built around 1848.
 
Location. 39° 19.258′ N, 77° 44.076′ W. Marker is in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from Shenandoah Street (Business U.S. 340), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Located on Virginius Island in Harpers Ferry National Historic Site. Marker is in this post office area: Harpers Ferry WV 25425, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Shenandoah River (a few steps from this marker); Cotton Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Virginius Island Trail (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Shenandoah Canal (about 400 feet away); River Wall (about
Water Tunnels Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
2. Water Tunnels Marker
The marker overlooks one of the water chambers.
500 feet away); Jonathan Child House (about 500 feet away); Jefferson Rock (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named Jefferson Rock (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Harpers Ferry.
 
More about this marker. Illustrations on the marker show the locations of the mills and associated hydraulic complex.
 
Categories. Industry & Commerce
 
Water Flowed In Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
3. Water Flowed In
The water flowed through the underground tunnels through the archways of the chamber.
The Chamber Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
4. The Chamber
The water was controlled through these chambers.
Looking Through the Chamber Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
5. Looking Through the Chamber
As stated on the marker the archway on the far side is smaller than the upstream side.
Branch of the Water Tunnel Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
6. Branch of the Water Tunnel
A side branch of the water tunnel led to another mill.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 506 times since then and 41 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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