Charlestown in Suffolk County, Massachusetts — The American Northeast (New England)
The Freedom Trail
Neighborhood of Revolution
“Paul Revere . . . started on a ride which, in a way has never ended.” - Esther Forbes, author of the classic study, Paul Revere and the World He Lived In
In the course of just two pivotal days – April 18 and 19, 1775 – the preceding years of unrest burst into insurrection. Paul and Rachel Revere, plus several of their sixteen children, lived in an old house in what is now Bostonís oldest neighborhood, the North End. Paul was a middle-class artisan, a trusted and active member of his community who belonged to the Masons, the Sons of Liberty and the North End Caucus. His neighbors included both patriots and loyalists to the British cause, like Gov. Thomas Hutchinson. On the night of April 18, Revere planned the hanging of two lanterns in the steeple of the Old North Church, as he and other express riders sped off to warn fellow patriots that British soldiers were on the march. By morning, colonial militia had assembled in Lexington and Concord, ready for the first military encounters of the Revolution.
Revolution of Minds and Hearts
“ . . . In every human breast, God has implanted a principle, which we call love of Freedom . . . ” – Phillis Wheatley, African American slave-poet, member of Old South Congregation
In Defense of Freedom
“The day – perhaps the decisive day – is come, on which the fate of America depends.” – Abigail Adams, patriot, feminist, and wife of John Adams
Less than two months after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, patriots encountered what turned out to be the bloodiest battle of their War for Independence. Entrenched in a redoubt on Breedís Hill in Charleston, a mound mistakenly dubbed Bunkerís Hill, the ill-equipped colonists valiantly repelled two assaults by the redcoats before succumbing to the third attack. Though the British army won the battle, their losses were immense, inspiring patriots
The People Revolt
“What we meant in going for those Redcoats was this, we always had governed ourselves and we always meant to. They didnít mean we should!” - Capt. Levi Preston, Patriot leader, in Reminiscences of the War
In the year 1750, few Bostonians even considered the idea of breaking away from their British mother country. Between the years 1761 and 1775, however, differing views of the rights of the colonies under British rule led to a series of actions, reactions and tumultuous encounters between Britain and her Boston colonists that snowballed toward war. Certain British laws and acts – like the Sugar, Stamp and Townshend Acts, the military occupation of Boston, and the Boston Massacre – increasingly incensed the liberty-loving colonists. Assembling in town meetings and swayed by the oratory of emerging leaders like James Otis, Sam Adams and Joseph Warren, Boston men and women began to take collective action, countering with boycotts,
The Revolution Begins Here
Over two hundred years ago, colonial Bostonians led New England and America on the road to freedom and independence. Today, Bostonís Freedom Trail is a 3-mile walking path connecting sixteen historic sites from Boston Common to Bunker Hill, that tells the story of Bostonís colorful and rebellious past. The Freedom Trail shows how the American Revolution was born, and how our nation was created and defended by ordinary people under extraordinary circumstances.
Location. 42° 22.547′ N, 71° 3.668′ W. Marker is in Charlestown, Massachusetts, in Suffolk County. Marker is at the intersection of Monument Square and Monument Ave. on Monument Square. Click for map. Marker is located at the southern entrance to the Bunker Hill unit of Boston National Historical Park. Marker is in this post office area: Charlestown MA 02129, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Massachusetts Gate (here, next to this marker); The Decisive Day has come on which the fate of America depends... (within shouting distance of this marker); You are now my enemy and I am yours... (within shouting distance of this marker); South-East Corner of the Redoubt (within shouting distance of this marker); Bunker Hill Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Breedís Hill (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); This Column Stands on Union! (about 300 feet away); Connecticut Gate (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Charlestown.
More about this marker. The background of the marker contains a map of Boston highlighting the Freedom Trail and indicating the historic sites along the route, including: Boston Common, Massachusetts State House, Park Street Church, Granary Burying Ground, Kingís Chapel & Burying Ground, First Public School Site, Old Corner Bookstore, Old South Meeting House, Old State House, Boston Massacre Site, Faneuil Hall, Paul Revere House, Old North Church, Coppís Hill Burying Ground, U.S.S. Constitution and Bunker Hill Monument.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. View similar markers along the route of the Freedom Trail.
Also see . . . The Freedom Trail. The Freedom Trail Foundation website. (Submitted on May 17, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • Colonial Era • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 980 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.