Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Locust Grove in Orange County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Key Terrain

The Battle of the Wilderness

 
 
Key Terrain Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, May 9, 2009
1. Key Terrain Marker
Inscription. The fighting in the Wilderness centered on two thoroughfares: the Orange Turnpike and the Orange Plank Road. Between them yawned a gaping void of dense trees and brush, broken only by a few fields and the track of the Parker's Store Road, still visible 50 yards to your left. The most important clearing was the Chewning farm. If the Union army could seize this clearing, it would be in position to divide the Confederate forces and defeat them individually.

Gen. Samuel W. Crawford's division of the Union Fifth Corps held the Chewning farm on May 5, but it had to abandon the position to support Union troops fighting astride the Orange Turnpike. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's Ninth Corps tried to penetrate the gap the next morning but became bogged down in the heavy woods. By the time it reached the Chewning farm, the clearing was firmly in Confederate hands. The Union army's best chance for victory had vanished.
 
Erected by Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park - National Park Service - Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 38° 17.587′ N, 77° 44.662′ W. Marker is in Locust Grove, Virginia, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Hill-Ewell Drive, on the right when traveling south. Click for map
Close Up of the Map Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, May 9, 2009
2. Close Up of the Map
. Located at stop five (Chewning Farm) on the driving tour of the Wilderness Battlefield. The marker is on the Chewning House Trail, and stands next to the Old Parker Store Road traces. Marker is in this post office area: Locust Grove VA 22508, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A.P. Hill Escapes Capture (here, next to this marker); Wilderness Campaign (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Chewning Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Wilderness Campaign (approx. 0.8 miles away); Crisis in the Wilderness (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Wilderness Campaign (approx. one mile away); The Widow Tapp House (approx. one mile away); Lee-to-the-Rear (approx. one mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Locust Grove.
 
More about this marker. On the upper left are portraits of Generals Crawford and Burnside. To the right is a map of the situation described in the text.
 
Also see . . .  Wilderness Battlefield. National Park Service page. (Submitted on May 18, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Markers at the Chewning House Site Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain
3. Markers at the Chewning House Site
View from the Chewning Farm Photo, Click for full size
By Craig Swain, May 9, 2009
4. View from the Chewning Farm
The Orange Turnpike is far to the north, beyond the distant trees in this view. The trace of Parker's Store Road is approximately the course of the foot path to the right.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,024 times since then and 67 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement