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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Winter Line

The Battle of Fredericksburg

 
 
The Winter Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 23, 2009
1. The Winter Line Marker
Inscription. The months following the Battle of Fredericksburg brought a temporary halt to the fighting in Virginia, but not to the digging. Throughout the winter of 1862-1863 Confederate troops constructed nearly thirty miles of earthworks along the south bank of the Rappahannock River. The works stretched from United States Ford, in the north, to Port Royal, in the south.

Unwilling to attack Lee’s strong defenses, Union commander Joseph Hooker devised a plan to maneuver the Confederates out of their works. On April 29, 1863, he crossed the Rappahannock River beyond Lee’s left flank, at Kelly’s Ford, and descended on the Confederate rear. Lee abandoned much of his winter line and marched west, engaging Hooker in battle near a roadside inn known as Chancellorsville.

“The rebels had been actively engaged all winter, in strengthening their position, and now dark lines of rifle pits and earthworks frowned from the bluffs for miles up and down the banks, commanding every available crossing.” Lieutenant Winthrop D. Sheldon, 27th Connecticut Volunteers
 
Location. 38° 14.474′ N, 77° 25.272′ W. Marker is in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in Spotsylvania County. Marker is at the intersection of Jim Morris Road and Schumann Street, on the right
Hooker's Flanking Maneuver. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 23, 2009
2. Hooker's Flanking Maneuver.
when traveling south on Jim Morris Road. Click for map. This marker is located at the entrance to the Pelham’s Crossing subdivision. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22408, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Gallant Pelham (a few steps from this marker); Confederate Earthworks (a few steps from this marker); Colonial Post Office (approx. 0.6 miles away); Fredericksburg Campaign (approx. ¾ mile away but has been reported missing); a different marker also named The Gallant Pelham (approx. 0.8 miles away); a different marker also named The Gallant Pelham (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Battle of Fredericksburg (approx. 0.8 miles away); Stuart and Pelham (approx. 0.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
More about this marker. On the left of the panel is a sketch with the caption, “This sketch by W.L. Sheppard shows Confederate earthworks atop Lee Hill during the Battle of Fredericksburg. In the months following the battle, Lee would extend these works up and down the river for a distance of nearly 30 miles.” On the right is a map showing Hooker’s flanking maneuver and Lee’s response resulting in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park.
Pelham's Crossing Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 23, 2009
3. Pelham's Crossing Markers
Battle of Fredericksburg. (Submitted on May 24, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. CWSAC Battle Summary. Fredericksburg I. (Submitted on May 24, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

3. CWSAC Battle Summary. Fredericksburg II. (Submitted on May 24, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Pelham's Crossing subdivision image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 23, 2009
4. Pelham's Crossing subdivision
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 993 times since then and 104 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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