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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Folck's Mill

Confederate Raid

 
 
Folck's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
May 24, 2009
1. Folck's Mill Marker
Inscription. Late in July 1864, Confederate Gen. John C. McCausland led his two cavalry brigades (about 2,800 men) northward into Pennsylvania and Maryland to capture Chambersburg and Cumberland and either collect a ransom or burn the towns. McCausland burned Chambersburg on July 31. The next day, his raiders reached the National Pike and rode toward Cumberland. Union Gen. William W. Averell led 2,000 cavalrymen in pursuit.

Union Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley hurriedly organized Cumberland’s defenses. He positioned a blocking force of two infantry regiments (about 1,000 men) and four artillery pieces east of town on wooded hills overlooking Folck’s Mill. Other units, including three hastily organized civilian volunteer companies, occupied prepared positions elsewhere around the town.

When the first Confederates reached Folck’s Mill, the concealed Federals opened fire. The raiders took shelter in the mill buildings and what is now Hillcrest Cemetery. As the main Confederate force arrived, it deployed on the hill behind the advance body. A sharp fight ensued about 3 p.m. and continued for four and a half hours. With Averell pressing their rear and a solid defense in their front, the Confederates had no choice but to escape south under cover of darkness, leaving campfires burning to deceive the Federals. A difficult night march brought the raiders
Folck's Mill Marker image. Click for full size.
May 23, 2009
2. Folck's Mill Marker
The right of two Folck's Mill markers - View is to the Northwest.
to Oldtown at dawn. Confederate losses at Cumberland numbered two killed, two wounded, and three taken prisoner, while the Federals suffered twelve wounded.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 40.303′ N, 78° 43.287′ W. Marker is near Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker can be reached from Ali Ghan Road NE. Click for map. The marker is located on the grounds of the Ali Ghan Shriner's Hall near I-68 exit 46. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13100 Ali Ghan Road NE, Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Folck's Mill (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Folck's Mill (approx. 0.2 miles away); Cumberland (approx. 2.1 miles away); McNeill’s Raid (approx. 2.4 miles away); Capture of Generals (approx. 2.4 miles away); A Boom for Cumberland (approx. 2.4 miles away); Capture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George Crook (approx. 2.4 miles away); Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church (approx. 2.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Cumberland.
 
More about this marker.
Close-up of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
May 24, 2009
3. Close-up of Map on Marker
The center of the marker displays a battle map depicting troop and artillery positions during the Battle of Folck's Mill. The marker also features portraits of Gen. Benjamin F. Kelley and Gen. John C. McCausland.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Folck’s Mill. National Park Service Summary. (Submitted on May 25, 2009.) 

2. Folck's Mill, National Register of Historic Places. Summary of the NRHP listing. (Submitted on May 25, 2009.) 

3. The Battles of McConnellsburg and Cumberland. Article from The Bivouac Banner. (Submitted on May 25, 2009.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Evitts Creek Valley image. Click for full size.
May 23, 2009
4. Evitts Creek Valley
View is to the west along I-68 across Evitts Creek.
Hillcrest Cemetery image. Click for full size.
May 23, 2009
5. Hillcrest Cemetery
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 1,877 times since then and 209 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on . • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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