Near Groveland in Tuolumne County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
Hetch Hetchy Reservoir and O’Shaughnessy Dam
After intense national debate about building a reservoir and dam in a national park, Congress passed the Raker Act in 1913, granting San Francisco the rights-of-way and the use of public lands to build the Hetch Hetchy Water and Power Project. John Muir, who wanted the valley to remain untouched for wilderness preservation, had led the opposition.
This complex system of tunnels, pipelines and facilities took 20 years to build and transports snowmelt 167 miles entirely by gravity, without the use of pumps. Today this water serves more than 2.4 million people in four counties in the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as the residents of Groveland.
(caption) Phase I of construction of O’Shaughnessy Dam was completed in 1923 and phase 2 ended in 1938 when the dam was raised another 85.5 feet to 312 feet in height. Present capacity for the reservoir is 117 billion gallons of water or the equivalent of 177,914 Olympic-slzed pools The dam crest is 910
(caption) Steel anchor bars were constructed between old and new concrete at O’Shaughnessy Dam when its height was raised in 1937.
(caption) After serving for twenty years as Chief Engineer, Michael Maurice O’Shaughnessy died just twelve days before the public dedication of the completion of the project at Pulgas Water Temple in 1934.
Location. 37° 56.859′ N, 119° 47.273′ W. Marker is near Groveland, California, in Tuolumne County. Marker can be reached from Hetch Hetchy Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Groveland CA 95321, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 18 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. O’Shaughnessy Dam (here, next to this marker); Producing Clean Renewable Energy (here, next to this marker); Water Quality at Hetch Hetchy (here, next to this marker); Trails and Waterfalls (here, next to this marker); Hetch Hetchy Railroad (here, next to this marker); John Muir... The Woodcutter (approx. 17.3 miles away); The Ahwahneechee (approx. 17.4 miles away); Early Tourism (approx. 17.5 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Groveland.
Categories. • Landmarks • Man-Made Features •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Karen Key of Sacramento, California. This page has been viewed 1,800 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Karen Key of Sacramento, California. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.