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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Orwell in Addison County, Vermont — The American Northeast (New England)
 

Southern Defense Trail

 
 
Southern Defense Trail Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 12, 2008
1. Southern Defense Trail Marker
Inscription. This walkway is a loop approximately 0.2 mile long with stairs and gentle slopes. It leads you past the remains of a blockhouse (near the parking area), provides a look at the Mountís rock formations, and provides a vista of the lake south of the Mount. A spur from this walkway leads down to the M/V Carillon boat dock.

The theme of the walkway, southern defenses, represents British rather than American concerns here at Mount Independence. Although a dock for supply ships was located a short distance east of the present M/V Carillon dock, and the Hubbardton military road ran approximately where the modern road is today, the Americans paid little attention to defending this part of the Mount. They expected a British attack from the north. Following the American retreat during the night of July 5-6, 1777, the British hastily constructed blockhouses and artillery positions that would defend against an expected American counter attack from the east and south.

The attack came on September 18, 1777. Americans commanded by Colonels John Brown and Thomas Johnson attempted to recapture Mount Independence. But the British garrison was prepared. Blockhouses had been completed and artillery batteries had been set up. Cannon fire from British warships on the lake below and from the Mount was kept up day and night, creating
Southern Defense Trail image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 12, 2008
2. Southern Defense Trail
This photo looks up towards the location of the marker.
a kind of no manís land on the neck to the east, causing the Americans to withdraw.
 
Erected by Mount Independence Road.
 
Location. 43° 49.057′ N, 73° 23.109′ W. Marker is in Orwell, Vermont, in Addison County. Marker is on Mount Independence Road, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is located near the parking lot in Mount Independence State Historic Site. Marker is in this post office area: Orwell VT 05760, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mount Independence (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lake Champlain and the American Revolution (approx. 0.4 miles away); German Hut – 1777 (approx. 0.4 miles away); The American Southern Defenses – 1776-1777 (approx. 0.4 miles away); British Blockhouse - 1777 (approx. 0.4 miles away); Southern Battery – 1777 (approx. 0.4 miles away); Foundation -1776 or 1777 (approx. half a mile away); Storehouse - 1776 (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Orwell.
 
More about this marker. The left of the map contains a map of the Southern Defense Trail. Below this is a 1777 map of Mount Independence indicating the location of the trail. The bottom right of the marker contains a section and plan
Mount Independence Rock Formations image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 12, 2008
3. Mount Independence Rock Formations
These are some of the rock formantions found on the Southern Defense Trail.
of a blockhouse. It has a caption of “Section and plan showing a blockhouse similar in design to the structures built to protect Mount Independence from an American counterattack.”
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This series of markers are found on the walking trails in Mount Independence State Historic Site.
 
Also see . . .  Mount Independence State Historic Site. Vermont State Historic Sites. (Submitted on June 1, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
 
Categories. War, US Revolutionary
 
Lake Champlain South of Mount Independence image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, July 12, 2008
4. Lake Champlain South of Mount Independence
British Blockhouse image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2008
5. British Blockhouse
The British constructed Blockhouses similar to this one near the site of the marker on Mount Independence. This blockhouse is located in Fort Lee Historic Park in New Jersey.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 983 times since then and 99 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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