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Hopewell, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

City Pointís Rails And Waterways

Tools of War for General Grant

 
 
City Pointís Rails and Waterways CWT Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
1. City Pointís Rails and Waterways CWT Marker
Inscription. City Point...tells more about how war is conducted than many battlefields. It demonstrates how Union forces used rivers and railroads to deliver the tools of war directly to the troops in the field. – Robert Black, The Harrisburg PA Patriot News

The significance of the City Point logistical operation in the Civil War cannot be overstated. Besides being headquarters for the United States Armies, City Point was the supply base for the Union forces fighting at Petersburg and Richmond. Immediately upon their arrival the 900-member United States Railroad Construction Corps began building the warehouses and wharves needed for supplies and war material needed for the 100,000 soldiers in the Army of the Potomac and the Army of the James.

The City Point Railroad, built in 1838, was repaired and eventually extended south and west of Petersburg. City Point once again had a rail link to Petersburg, except it now linked the military supply depot with soldiers on the fron lines. In just twenty-two days the army had completed the first stage of the railroad and had the trains operating on a full schedule. At Petersburg, victory rode the rails.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the
City Pointís Rails And Waterways CWT Marker on Pecan Avenue (facing east). Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
2. City Pointís Rails And Waterways CWT Marker on Pecan Avenue (facing east).
The house in the background is "Bonaccord" circa 1837-1844.
Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 18.942′ N, 77° 16.55′ W. Marker is in Hopewell, Virginia. Marker is on Pecan Avenue west of Prince Henry Avenue, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. This marker is located in the City Point Unit of the Petersburg National Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Hopewell VA 23860, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Peacemaker (within shouting distance of this marker); Historic City Point (within shouting distance of this marker); One Soldier, One Family, One War (within shouting distance of this marker); Porter House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); General Grant's Headquarters (about 400 feet away); Appomattox Manor (about 400 feet away); City Point (about 400 feet away); City Point, Virginia (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Hopewell.
 
More about this marker. On the upper center of the panel is a period photo with the caption, "Railroad depot buildings are the focal point of this A.J. Russell photograph. The circular Sibley tents and smaller wall tents probably were occupied by Construction Corps employees."

On the upper right is a photo of the railroad depot with the caption, "Only
City Pointís Rails And Waterways CWT Marker on Pecan Avenue (facing west). Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
3. City Pointís Rails And Waterways CWT Marker on Pecan Avenue (facing west).
three days after Grant's arrival and the Union army's initial attack on the Confederate line at Petersburg, The U.S. Military Railroad Construction Corps moved into City Point. The two to three thousand Construction Corps workers were quartered throughout the area. An additional 1,600 carpenters, blacksmiths, and laborers were employed in the quartermaster repair shops. Eight large barracks stood on the north side of Pierce Street, just above the intersection of Pierce and Water Streets."

On the lower right is a photo of a locomotive. The caption reads, "Railroad cars were brought in from the north to provide rolling stock for the line. The cars, loaded to capacity, operated on a regular schedule carrying supplies to the front siege-lines around Petersburg eight miles away."
 
Also see . . .
1. Petersburg National Battlefield. City Point. (Submitted on June 4, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Petersburg National Battlefield - City Point Unit. United States Military Railroad. (Submitted on June 4, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

3. US Army Quartermaster Foundation - Quartermaster Professional Bulletin - Spring 1991. “City Point: The Tool That Gave General Grant Victory” by Captain Robert O. Zinnen, Jr. (Submitted on June 4, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
Rail line still in use on Water Street. Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
4. Rail line still in use on Water Street.
Railroad bed from City Point to Petersburg. Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
5. Railroad bed from City Point to Petersburg.
Old City Point Waterfront Park on Water Street. Photo, Click for full size
By Bernard Fisher
6. Old City Point Waterfront Park on Water Street.
Site of one half mile of wharves and route of U.S. Military Railroad.
City Point, Virginia. Ordnance wharf Photo, Click for full size
circa 1865
7. City Point, Virginia. Ordnance wharf
Library of Congress [LC-B811- 2581]
[City Point, Va. Another locomotive at the same point.] Photo, Click for full size
circa 1865
8. [City Point, Va. Another locomotive at the same point.]
Library of Congress [LC-B811- 2513]
City Point, Virginia. Barracks of Military Railroad Construction Corps Photo, Click for full size
1861/1869
9. City Point, Virginia. Barracks of Military Railroad Construction Corps
This is a period photo of the eight large barracks north of Pierce Street described on the CWT panel. Library of Congress [LC-B811- 2598]
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,391 times since then and 62 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   7, 8, 9. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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