Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hopewell, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

U.S. Government Bakery

 
 
U.S. Government Bakery CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
1. U.S. Government Bakery CWT Marker
Inscription. “After breakfast I mounted and rode...to look at the Bake House just completed. It will turn out 100,000 rations in 24 hours. Every thing is on a grand scale and of the most convenient & Economical character. They make most excellent bread.” - General Marsena Patrick, Provost Marshal, October 25, 1864

Feeding the Union army was not an easy task. Much labor was required to ensure that thousands of U.S. Soldiers received their daily rations. On August 30, 1864 the U.S. Military Rail Road Construction Corps received an order to construct “an immense building for a bakery...[&] to have a side track” built to accommodate the transportation of bread to Union troops at Petersburg. Construction of the bakery started a month later and was completed by the end of October.

The bakery complex consisted of five frame structures which included an office, a yeast house, two large bakeries and a storehouse. Numerous civilian bakers kept the ovens going day and night producing more than 100,000 rations of bread daily. The bread was loaded onto trains and transported to the front with such efficiency that Union soldiers often received warm bread. The bakery stood at the end of East Broadway, the present site of Heritage Gardens.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War
U.S. Government Bakery CWT Marker at Union Fort. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
2. U.S. Government Bakery CWT Marker at Union Fort.
Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 18.575′ N, 77° 16.755′ W. Marker is in Hopewell, Virginia. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Appomattox Street and Fort Street. Click for map. This marker is located on the east side of the Union Fort. Marker is in this post office area: Hopewell VA 23860, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. City Point Defenses (here, next to this marker); Union Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bull Ring At City Point (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. John’s Episcopal Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Dr. Peter Eppes House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Porter House (approx. 0.4 miles away); City Point, Virginia (approx. 0.4 miles away); a different marker also named City Point (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Hopewell.
 
More about this marker. On the upper right is a photo of the bakery with the caption, "One of the busiest establishments at City Point; the U.S. Government Bakery produced over 100,000 rations of bread daily."

On the lower right is a photo of the railroad which served the bakery. The caption reads, "The Commissary Department of the
Civil War Trails Markers at the Union Fort site. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
3. Civil War Trails Markers at the Union Fort site.
Army was responsible for supplying food. The commissary depot and bakery stood on a railroad spur just outside the interior defense lines. Before reaching the bakery, the railroad spur split into a Y. The northern leg went to the commissary depot where supplies brought in by train were unloaded. The southern leg ran to the bakery storehouse."
 
Also see . . .  Petersburg National Battlefield. City Point. (Submitted on June 4, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Union Fort interior (north wall). image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher
4. Union Fort interior (north wall).
Union Fort interior (south wall). image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher
5. Union Fort interior (south wall).
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 970 times since then and 81 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.   4, 5. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement