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Sharpsburg in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

1862 Antietam Campaign

Lee Invades Maryland

 
 
1862 Antietam Campaign - Lee Invades Maryland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 28, 2007
1. 1862 Antietam Campaign - Lee Invades Maryland Marker
Inscription. Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac pursued Lee, who had detached Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s force to capture the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry. After the Federals pushed the remaining Confederates out of the South Mountain gaps, Lee awaited Jackson's return near Sharpsburg and Antietam Creek.

On September 17, at the battle of Antietam, the two armies clashed in the bloodiest single day in American history and suffered some 23,000 casualties. Lee soon retreated across the Potomac, ending his first invasion of the north.

Follow in the footsteps of Gens. Lee and McClellan along Maryland Civil War Trail’s Antietam Campaign: Lee Invades Maryland, a 90 mile tour route that allows you to explore the stories of triumph and tragedy at more than 60 Civil War sites. Please travel carefully as you enjoy the beauty and history along the trail.
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location.
Close Up View of the Campaign Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 28, 2007
2. Close Up View of the Campaign Map
39° 27.672′ N, 77° 44.421′ W. Marker is in Sharpsburg, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on Shepherdstown Pike (Maryland Route 34), on the left when traveling north. Click for map. At the Battlefield Overlook parking area, across the street from the National Cemetery. Marker is in this post office area: Sharpsburg MD 21782, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle of Antietam, September 17, 1862 (here, next to this marker); Companies G. I. and K., 4th U.S. Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Jones' Battalion, Reserve Artillery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Reserve Artillery (about 400 feet away); Squires’ Battery, 1st Company Washington Artillery of New Orleans (about 500 feet away); Unknown Union Soldiers of the Irish Brigade (about 600 feet away); 4th New York Volunteer Infantry (about 600 feet away); Washington Artillery, Longstreet's Command (about 600 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Sharpsburg.
 
More about this marker. This is an example of the standard marker used for Civil War Trails - Antietam Campaign sites, and is duplicated in several locations in Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. The marker features portraits of Gens. Robert E. Lee and George B. McClellan. Newspaper drawing depict
1862 Antietam Campaign - Lee Invades Maryland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 28, 2007
3. 1862 Antietam Campaign - Lee Invades Maryland Marker
Union troops storming Crampton’s Gap and Confederate forces crossing the Potomac. A map indicates important sites related to the Antietam Campaign.
 
Also see . . .  Civil War Traveler's Guide to the Antietam Campiagn Tour. (Submitted on August 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The Sunken Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, December 30, 2006
4. The Sunken Road
One of the critical phases of the Battle of Antietam unfolded along this old farm lane.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,243 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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