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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Recovery in Mercer County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

St. Clair's Defeat

Anthony Wayne Parkway

 
 
St. Clair's Defeat Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
1. St. Clair's Defeat Marker
Inscription. When American pioneers attempted to settle the Northwest Territory following the Ordinance of 1787, the Indians, aided by the British fought fiercely for their homes. The first United States army sent to break the Indian resistance was commanded by Gen. Josiah Harmar. It met defeat (1790) at the Miami Indian villages (present Fort Wayne).

Gen. Arthur St. Clair, the territorial Governor, made the second attempt with a badly trained army. He marched north from Fort Washington (Cincinnati) and reached this place on the evening of Nov. 3, 1791. The following morning, the army found itself surrounded by an Indian force commanded by Chief Little Turtle. After a furious battle, St. Clair's troops broke through the enemy encirclement and retreated southward. Here on this field they left approximately 900 dead and wounded, in what is relatively, the most disastrous defeat ever to befall an American Army. Victory was yet to be won.
 
Erected 1954 by The Fort Recovery Historical Society.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Indian Wars Battlefield Trails marker series.
 
Location. 40° 24.854′ N, 84° 46.815′ W. Marker is in Fort Recovery, Ohio, in Mercer County. Marker is at the intersection
St. Clair's Defeat Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
2. St. Clair's Defeat Marker
Close-up view of the historical marker's map showing the military campaigns of the Indian Wars of 1790 - 1795.
of Fort Site Street and West Boundary Street, on the left when traveling north on Fort Site Street. Click for map. This historical marker is located on the western outskirts of the downtown business district of Fort Recover, Ohio. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1-113 Fort Site St., Fort Recovery OH 45846, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Battle of Fort Recovery (here, next to this marker); Greene Ville Treaty Line (within shouting distance of this marker); Wayne's Victory (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named St. Clair's Defeat (within shouting distance of this marker); Sha'anoe Warrior Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Gen. Richard Butler (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); St. Clair's Defeat / Fort Recovery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pioneer Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fort Recovery.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of the Wabash. This web link was both published and made available by, "Absolute Astronomy.com," in it's quest to enable "exploring the universe of knowledge" (Submitted on June 14, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
St. Clair's Defeat Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
3. St. Clair's Defeat Marker
View of historical marker in the center with reproduction of Fort Recovery in the right background, and the sign identifying this as being an Ohio Historical Society property site in the left background.
 

2. St. Clair's Defeat. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on June 14, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. MilitaryNative AmericansNotable EventsWars, US Indian
 
St. Clair's Defeat Battlegound Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
4. St. Clair's Defeat Battlegound
View of interpretative trail along the battle area, on the Ohio Historic Society's property.
St. Clair's Defeat Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Dale K. Benington, June 5, 2009
5. St. Clair's Defeat Marker
View of interpretive panel with explanation of events related to St. Clair's defeat. It reads:
"On November 4, 1791 on this triangle of land between the rivers, Indian forces under Chief Little Turtle (Miamis) and Blue Jacket (Shawnees), surrounded General Arthur St. Clair's troops. Of his 1,200 soldiers, 900 were killed. It was the worst defeat ever inflicted on the U.S. Army. This "St. Clair Massacre" had worldwide repercussions and led to the first congressional investigation in U.S. history."
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,537 times since then and 163 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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