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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Topeka in Shawnee County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Capital of Kansas

 
 
Capital of Kansas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
1. Capital of Kansas Marker
Inscription. Topeka was founded in 1854 at the site of Papan's Ferry where a branch of the Oregon Trail crossed the Kansas river as early as 1842. Anti-slavery leaders framed the Topeka Constitution, 1855, in the first attempt to organize a state government. The next year their legislature was dispersed by U.S. dragoons under orders from President Franklin Pierce. (So Pierce was omitted when Topeka named streets after the Presidents.) In the late 1850's negroes bound north on the "underground railway" were hidden here by John Brown. Topeka became capital in 1861 when Kansas was admitted to the Union and the slavery conflict flamed into Rebellion.

After the war, in 1868, the Santa Fe railroad, promoted by C.K. Holliday, a city founder, first started building from Topeka. This was the birthplace, in 1860, of Vice President Charles Curtis; part Kaw Indian, the only "native American" to reach so high an office.
 
Erected by Kansas Historical Society and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 15.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Kansas Historical Society, and the Oregon Trail marker series.
 
Location. 39° 0.077′ N, 95° 41.274′ W. Marker is in Topeka, Kansas, in Shawnee County. Marker is at the intersection
Area photo of the Capital of Kansas Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, June 28, 2009
2. Area photo of the Capital of Kansas Marker
of 37th Street and Topeka Boulevard, on the right when traveling west on 37th Street. Click for map. This marker is in a small roadside park at 37th & Topeka Boulevard. The entrance to the park is on a diagonal road accessed from Topeka Boulevard traveling from the north. Marker is in this post office area: Topeka KS 66611, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Palm Park (approx. 0.7 miles away); Monroe School Neighborhood (approx. 2.6 miles away); A "Separate But Equal" School? (approx. 2.6 miles away); How to Heat and Cool an Old School (approx. 2.6 miles away); A Turning Point for Equality (approx. 2.6 miles away); Monroe School (approx. 2.6 miles away); A Playground and Community Center (approx. 2.6 miles away); Pillars of the Community (approx. 2.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Topeka.
 
Also see . . .
1. Kansas Historical Markers. This is an official link to the Kansas historical markers. (Submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.) 

2. Map of the Oregon Trail. (Submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.)
3. Mileposts along the Oregon Trail. (Submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.)
4. Topeka Kansas Visitor's Bureau. Official link to the Topeka Visitor's Bureau. (Submitted on July 3, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansRailroads & StreetcarsSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,443 times since then and 21 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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