“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Parkers Crossroads in Henderson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

McPeake Cabin

McPeake Cabin Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 14, 2009
1. McPeake Cabin Marker
Inscription. Robert and Permelia McPeake built this cabin near Rock Hill, Tennessee, in 1851. Danny and Rose Garner donated the cabin to the Parker's Crossroads Battlefield Association in 2006. After being painstakingly recorded, the cabin was dismantled and moved to the battlefield. The reconstructed cabin was dedicated in May 2008.

Robert and Permelia McPeake
The McPeake family came to Middle Tennessee from Pennsylvania in the mid-19th century. Some of the family, including Robert Carroll McPeake, settled in Henderson County. In 1850, Robert, then 20, was living with his brother a few miles east of Lexington, about 10 miles south of here.

In 1850 or 1851, Robert married Permelia "Melia" Reed, granddaughter of Joseph Reed, the first permanent settler in Henderson County. The young couple purchased several hundred acres near Rock Hill, five miles east of Lexington, where they built this cabin. Robert and Melia had thirteen children. One child died in infancy, the other twelve were raised in this cabin. The cabin remained in the McPeake family for many years and a number of Robert and Melia's descendants lived here for a time.

The McPeake Cabin
Accounts of the battle mention several log cabins at Parker's Crossroads. There is evidence that one cabin stood very near here but on the opposite side of the old Lexington-Huntingdon
McPeake Cabin and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 14, 2009
2. McPeake Cabin and Marker

Hundreds of homes similar to the McPeake cabin were built in Tennessee in the 18th and 19th centuries. Sawn lumber was expensive and not always available. Timber was abundant and log houses were fairly easy to build. The McPeakes probably cut trees on their land to build their "dogtrot" house. A dogtrot is a one-story house with two rooms, or pens, separated by a passage, the whole covered by a gable roof.

Although log houses are often thought of as being temporary, many were lived in for generations. In fact, many surviving 18th and early 19th century historic homes have a log structure at their core, disguised by episodes of remodeling and weatherboard cladding.
Erected by Parkers Crossroads Battlefield Association.
Location. 35° 47.29′ N, 88° 23.376′ W. Marker is in Parkers Crossroads, Tennessee, in Henderson County. Marker can be reached from Federal Lane, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Located on the South Loop Walking Trail at stop seven, of the driving tour of Parker's Crossroads Battlefield. Marker is in this post office area: Wildersville TN 38388, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Very Successful Campaign (a few steps from this marker); Lt. Col. Alonzo Napier
McPeake Cabin image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 14, 2009
3. McPeake Cabin
The "dogtrot" structure with the passage in the middle, is shown to good effect. Note that both rooms have fireplaces.
(within shouting distance of this marker); The Lexington-Huntingdon Road (within shouting distance of this marker); Nathan Bedford Forrest (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Parker's Crossroads (within shouting distance of this marker); Battlefield Overview (within shouting distance of this marker); Withdrawal to the Split-Rail Fence (within shouting distance of this marker); Three Desperate Charges (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Click for a list of all markers in Parkers Crossroads.
More about this marker. In the lower left is a photo of the Robert Carroll McPeake Family showing fourteen members of the family - John Satterfield, Emerson Jordon, Robert Carroll, Permelia Reed McPeake, William John, Manockles "Knox", Martha Augustus Hays, George Washington, James Rosco, Susan Ada Robinson, Robert Logan, Joseph Warren, Ivy Matchel, and Mary Cathrine Deane. Not pictured is Winfield Lafayette who died in infancy.

On the right are photos of the cabin while being relocated. Clockwise from left: The McPeake Cabin at its original location in 2006. The cabin during dismantling, the porch roof and framing enclosing the dogtrot have been removed. McPeake descendants Brandon McPeake and James Roy McPeake sawing log ends the old-fashioned way during reconstruction.
Also see . . .
1. The McPeake Cabin. Details of the cabin and photos of the dedication. (Submitted on July 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Parkers Crossroads Battlefield Association. Details of the battlefield and other preservation efforts. (Submitted on July 4, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Categories. Settlements & Settlers
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 872 times since then and 70 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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