“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Marietta in Washington County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

Celoron de Blainville

Celoron de Blainville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 7, 2009
1. Celoron de Blainville Marker
Inscription. [Main Top Plaque]

The inscription appearing below
Is a replica of the one engraved on a lead plaque
Buried on this spot on August 15th, 1749 by
And of which a fragment recovered in 1798
Is preserved by the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass.

L'an 1749 Du Regne De Louis XV Roy De France
Nous Celoron Commandant D'un Detachement
Envoie par Monsieur Le Mis de La Galissoniere
Commandant General de la Nouvelle France
Pour retablire la Tranquillite
Dans Quelques villages sauvages de ces Cantons
Avons enterre cette plaque
A L'entree de la Riviere Yenanguekouan
Le 15 Aoust 1749 Pres de la Riviere Oyo
Autrement Belle Riviere
Pour Monument du Renouvellement de possession
Que nous avons pris de la ditte Riviere Oyo
Et de Toutes les terres des deux cotes
Jusque aux sources des dittes rivieres
Ainsi qu'en ont jouy et du jouir
Les precedens roys de France
Et qu'ils s'y sont maintenus par les armes
Et par les traittes
Specialement par ceux de Riswick D'utrecht
Et D'aix la Chapelle

This plaque presented by
The French Government
In remembrance of the services rendered in France by the
Marietta College Ambulance Unit
During the
Celoron de Blainville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 7, 2009
2. Celoron de Blainville Marker
Close-up view of the bottom row of historical markers.
years 1917 to 1919

[Lower Plaque Left Side]

In 1749 the French Governor of Canada sent Celoron de Blainville (sometimes called Celeron de Bienville), with 235 French and Indian troops down the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers to re-possess the western lands for France.

Along its route the expedition buried six leaden plates. The bronze tablet above contains their common text.

The Indian tribes had changed their affiliations from the French to the English, and failing to regain their support, Celoron and his troops retreated hastily to Canada.

The campaign was one of the incidents precedent to the French and Indian War.

[Lower Plaque Right Side]

Two of the plates have been found, one at Marietta and one at the Kanawha River.

The Marietta Plate was found by boys in 1798, almost on the site of this monument. Before its importance wa realized much of it had been cut up to make bullets.

The remaining portion of which replica is shown at left, is in the American Antiquarian Society at Worcester, Massachusetts.

[Lower Plaque Middle]

The Marietta College Ambulance Unit

In appreciation of whose work the government of France gave this monument as a feature of Northwest Territory celebration, 1937-38, was organized at Marietta College
Celoron de Blainville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 7, 2009
3. Celoron de Blainville Marker
early in 1917.
It landed at Bordeaux early in June, flying the first American flag carried by a military organization in World War I. Its members were:
* Carlos W. Baer
John S. Bailey
Malcolm O. Cook
Vivian F. Crawford
Beman Gates Dawes, Jr.
William M. Dawes
Charles P. Dudley, Jr.
John F. Frazer
* Lee D. Ikard
* Paul W. Lindsley
Francis R. McIntyre
Thomas M. Manton
Dudley D. Nye
Donley J. Parr
Clark R. Piggott
Benjamin H. Putnam
Hiram E. Sibley
* Kramer G Tabler
Norman W. Van Ausdall
Paul G. westfall
Warwick T. Wilder
John W. V. Wygkoff
* Died on the field of battle
Erected by The French Government.
Location. 39° 24.454′ N, 81° 27.591′ W. Marker is in Marietta, Ohio, in Washington County. Marker is at the intersection of Virginia Street and Gilman Street, on the right when traveling east on Virginia Street. Click for map. This historical marker is located where the Muskingum River empties into the Ohio River, on the high north bank of the Ohio River, and on the west side of the Muskingum River. Marker is in this post office area: Marietta OH 45750, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Harmar (approx.
Celoron de Blainville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 7, 2009
4. Celoron de Blainville Marker
View of this historical marker in the left foreground, with the street sign for the intersection of Virginia Street and Gilmore Street in the right foreground and the Ohio River in the background.
0.2 miles away); Site of the United States Fort Harmar (approx. 0.2 miles away); Lewis and Clark Expedition / Letter to the President (approx. 0.2 miles away); Pioneer Marietta (approx. 0.4 miles away); Southern Boundary Picketed Point (approx. half a mile away); Lafayette (approx. half a mile away); Tomlinson Mansion (approx. half a mile away in West Virginia); Northwest Ordinance Sesquicentennial Columns (approx. half a mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Marietta.
Also see . . .  Celeron de Bienville's Expedition. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on July 11, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
Categories. War, French and IndianWars, US Indian
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,337 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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