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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gallipolis in Gallia County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The Dunmore War 1774

 
 
The Dunmore War 1774 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
1. The Dunmore War 1774 Marker
View of the front side of this historical marker.
Inscription. [Front Side]

The Shawnee and Delaware Indians grew restless as numbers of Virginians encroached on their lands by settling along the Ohio River. On October 10, 1774, Lord Dunmore, of the Virginia Colony, ordered Colonel Andrew Lewis and his 1100 Virginia militiamen to attack the Shawnee Indians near Chillicothe, Ohio. While Lewis's army camped across the Ohio River at Point Pleasant, West Virginia, Shawnee Chief Cornstalk, with 1000 warriors, crossed the river upstream for a surprise attack on the Virginia militia. After a five hour battle, the Shawnee retreated west across the Ohio. Some refer to this as the last battle fought by the Colonists while subject to British rule, and really, the first battle of the American Revolution. On November 5, 1774, Lord Dunmore at Camp Charlotte on the Pickaway Plains, Dunmore's officers met at Fort Gower, Hockingport, Ohio (48 miles upstream) and passed this resolution of "liberty":

[Reverse Side]

"Resolved, that we will bear the most faithful allegiance to His Majesty, King George the Third, whilst His Majesty delights to reign over a brave and free people; that we will, at the expense of life, and everything dear and valuable, exert ourselves in support of his crown, and the dignity of the British Empire. But as the love of liberty, and attachment to
The Dunmore War 1774 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
2. The Dunmore War 1774 Marker
View of the reverse side of this historical marker.
the real interests and just rights of America outweigh every other consideration, we resolve that we will exert every power within us for the defense of American liberty, and for the support of her just rights and privileges; not on any precipitate, riotous or tumultuous voice of our countrymen. Signed by order and in behalf of the whole corps. Benjamin Ashby, Clerk"
 
Erected 1992 by Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Ohio and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 7-27.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Indian Wars Battlefield Trails, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection marker series.
 
Location. 38° 48.515′ N, 82° 12.14′ W. Marker is in Gallipolis, Ohio, in Gallia County. Marker is at the intersection of Locust Street and 1st Avenue, on the right when traveling north on Locust Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 18 Locust Street, Gallipolis OH 45631, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Our House (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Charles E. Holzer, Sr., M.D. (about 500 feet away); Morning Dawn Lodge No. 7 Free and Accepted Masons (about 600 feet away but has been
The Dunmore War 1774 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
3. The Dunmore War 1774 Marker
View of the historical marker as seen in the southwest corner of the County Courthouse parking lot.
reported missing); 1790 - Gallipolis - 1940 (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Landing of the Welsh in Gallipolis (approx. 0.2 miles away); Yellow Fever Victims (approx. 0.2 miles away); Gallia County, Gallipolis and the Ohio River (approx. mile away); African Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Gallipolis.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .  Lord Dunmore's War. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History (Submitted on July 14, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraWars, US Indian
 
The Dunmore War 1774 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
4. The Dunmore War 1774 Marker
View of the historical marker in the foreground and the intersection of Locust Street with 1st Avenue in the right background.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 950 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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