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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

A Scared Purpose

 
 
A Scared Purpose Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
1. A Scared Purpose Marker
A close-up view of the text information on this historical marker.
Inscription. Some 2,000 years ago the Mound City Group contained the highest density of mounds of any of the Hopewell earthworks, 24 in a 13-acre area. Today 22 can be counted. One of the missing mounds (Mound 15) is present in outline only, marked by the postholes of a ceremonial building that predates the mound. The other mound was excavated over a century ago and its precise location is unknown.

We don't know what the Hopewell called the site, only that they used it in a purposeful manner-for social, religious, and burial purposes. Before they built each mound a ceremonial building was erected on the site. Ceremonial leaders performed complex rituals inside these buildings, including cremating the bodies of their deceased.

Perhaps a sacred burial process might have unfolded like this...
In a wood building covered with bark, smoke rises from the roof as a ceremonial leader, bent in ritual, cremates the remains of a respected society member. Copper ornaments and pearl and shell beads are placed with the remains. The ceremonial leader then covers the remains with a small mound of clay. In time, the building is dismantled.

Men, women, and children are organized to build an earthen mound atop the building remains. With sharpened sticks, antler picks, stone tools, and shell hoes they dig the earth needed
A Scared Purpose Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
2. A Scared Purpose Marker
A close-up view of this historical marker including a view of a site-map of the Hopewell Culture's Mound City.
to build the mound. Basket by basket they haul the material to the site and carefully, layer by layer, form the mound, covering it with a final layer of gravel.

 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 39° 22.567′ N, 83° 0.386′ W. Marker is near Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker can be reached from Ohio Route 104 1.7 miles north of U.S. 35. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16062 State Route 104, Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Flourishing Culture (within shouting distance of this marker); Ancient Monuments (within shouting distance of this marker); Mica Splendor (within shouting distance of this marker); Effigy Pipes (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gateposts from the Northern Entrance to Camp Sherman (approx. 1.1 miles away); Camp Sherman Memorial Park (approx. 1.5 miles away); Camp Sherman (approx. 1.5 miles away); Camp Bull (approx. 1.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chillicothe.
 
Also see . . .
1. Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. This web link was both published and made available by, "Touring
A Scared Purpose Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
3. A Scared Purpose Marker
View of the historical marker in the foreground with a view of some of the mounds and earthworks of Mound City in the background.
Ohio." (Submitted on July 15, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. Mound City Group. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on July 15, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

3. Mound City Group. This web link is provided by the National Park Service. (Submitted on July 15, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. AnthropologyCemeteries & Burial SitesNative Americans
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 942 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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