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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hagerstown in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Last Confederate Incursion North of the Potomac River

 
 
The Last Confederate Incursion North of the Potomac River Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 5, 2009
1. The Last Confederate Incursion North of the Potomac River Marker
Inscription. On July 29, 1864, elements of Cole's Maryland Cavalry (Union) battled Brigadier General John C. Vaughn's cavalry brigade of Early's command for three hours in the streets of Hagerstown. By late afternoon, the Marylanders retreated north to Greencastle. That evening, the Confederates struck the Franklin Railroad Yards in Hagerstown's West End, broke into the shops, looted and burned the warehouses and captured and destroyed a train filled with supplies intended for the Union forces.

These actions on July 29th were diversionary movements directed by Early to cover General John McCausland's raid on Chambersburg. Confederate diversions continued for the next week. On August 5, 1864, elements of General Early's command occupied Washington County and Hagerstown in what was the last substantial Confederate incursion north of the Potomac River.
 
Erected by Maryland Heritage Area.
 
Location. 39° 38.486′ N, 77° 43.238′ W. Marker is in Hagerstown, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on South Potomac Street (State Highway 65), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hagerstown MD 21740, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker
The Last Confederate Incursion North of the Potomac River Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 5, 2009
2. The Last Confederate Incursion North of the Potomac River Marker
. Hagerstown Ransomed (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); A City Divided (about 300 feet away); The Ransom of Hagerstown (about 400 feet away); Hagerstown (about 400 feet away); Gettysburg Campaign (about 400 feet away); Treatment of the Wounded (about 500 feet away); First Battle of Hagerstown (about 500 feet away); Second Battle of Hagerstown (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Hagerstown.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays a portrait of Colonel Henry Cole, 1st Maryland Potomac Home Brigade Cavalry, on the right. To the left are portraits of Confederate Gens. Early and Vaughn.
 
Also see . . .  Crossroads of the Civil War. More information about the Civil War activities in Hagerstown and Washington County, Maryland. (Submitted on July 15, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Marker in the Alleyway image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 5, 2009
3. Marker in the Alleyway
The marker is on the wall of the alleyway, just off South Potomac Street.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 788 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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