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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
New Orleans in Orleans Parish, Louisiana — The American South (West South Central)
 

Congo Square

 
 
Congo Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 14, 2009
1. Congo Square Marker
Inscription. Congo Square is in the “vicinity” of a spot which Houmas Indians used before the arrival of the French for celebrating their annual corn harvest and was considered sacred ground. The gathering of enslaved African vendors in Congo Square originated as early as the late 1740's during Louisiana’s French colonial period and continued during the Spanish colonial era as one of the city’s public markets. By 1803 Congo Square had become famous for the gathering of enslaved Africans who drummed, danced, sang and traded on Sunday afternoons. By 1819, these gatherings numbered as many as 500 to 600 people. Among the most famous dances were the Bamboula, the Calinda and the Congo. These African cultural expressions gradually developed into Mardi Gras Indian traditions, the Second Line and eventually New Orleans jazz and rhythm and blues.

Congo Square was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on January 28, 1993.
 
Erected by National Park Service.
 
Location. 29° 57.661′ N, 90° 4.103′ W. Marker is in New Orleans, Louisiana, in Orleans Parish. Click for map. Marker is in Louis Armstrong Park, north of the south (Basin St./N. Rampart St.) pedestrian entrance, across the promenade from the
Congo Square Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 14, 2009
2. Congo Square Marker
New Orleans Municipal Theater building. Marker is at or near this postal address: 901 N. Rampart Street, New Orleans LA 70116, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sidney Joseph Bechet (within shouting distance of this marker); Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Gardette - Le Pretre House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Campanel Cottage (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Xiques House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Shangarai Chasset - Gates of Mercy (approx. 0.2 miles away); St. Louis Cemetery No. 1 (approx. 0.2 miles away); "Oven" Vaults (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in New Orleans.
 
Also see . . .
1. Congo Square. (Submitted on July 19, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Louisiana's African American Heritage Trail - Greater New Orleans. (Submitted on July 19, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
3. New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park. (Submitted on July 19, 2009, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
 
Additional keywords. Tremé; Louis Armstrong Park; Beauregard Park; slavery
 
Categories. African AmericansAntebellum South, USAnthropologyArts, Letters, MusicColonial EraNative AmericansNotable Places
 
Illustration on Congo Square Marker image. Click for full size.
Wikipedia
3. Illustration on Congo Square Marker
Dance in Congo Square in the late 1700s, artist's conception by E. W. Kemble from a century later.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,959 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Christopher Busta-Peck was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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