Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Ancient Monuments

 
 
Ancient Monuments Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
1. Ancient Monuments Marker
Inscription. When Cleopatra, Julius Caesar, and Jesus lived, the Hopewell culture built and used Mound City Group. We do not know what the Hopewell called this sacred place, but early archeologists named it for the great number of mounds found here. In 1846 Ephraim Squier and Edwin Davis, pioneers of American archeology from Chillicothe, excavated several of the mounds. Their investigation greatly increased our knowledge of the Hopewell culture, but they concluded the mounds "were places of sacrifice." This was later discounted. The Hopewell did perform elaborate burial practices, but the earthworks were also used for other activities, including ceremonies and celebrations.

Our view of the Hopewell's world focused historically on the study of burial practices. Today, however, many researchers take a broader view. They are studying many aspects of Hopewell life, like the nature and location of Hopewell settlements. Objects recovered from Hopewell sites speak of deeply spiritual, artistic, and nature-connected people.

Squier and Davis described Mound City in 1846 as covered by a "primitive forest" and had this cover sketch drawn (above). During World War I the military built a training camp, Camp Sherman, atop the mounds, completely destroying half of the mounds and earthworks and degrading the rest.

Beginning in the
Ancient Monuments Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
2. Ancient Monuments Marker
View of historical marker in the foreground with a view of Mound City in the background.
1920s, the Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society managed Mound City Group National Monument for the War Department and, later, the Department of the Interior. Mound restoration quickly followed, and in 1946 the National Park Service began administering the site.

 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 39° 22.553′ N, 83° 0.394′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker can be reached from Ohio Route 104 1.7 miles from U.S. 35. Click for map. This historical marker is located in the, "Hopewell Culture, National Historical Park." It is one of several historical markers used by the National Park Service to help explain the significance of this historical site, as well as the Hopewell culture. Upon ones arrival at the park, it is recommended that you go to the park visitor center and obtain a free site map showing all of the park's mound sites. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16062 State Route 104, Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Flourishing Culture (here, next to this marker); A Scared Purpose (within shouting distance of this marker); Mica Splendor
Mound City image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 9, 2009
3. Mound City
A view of some of the mounds that make up the Mound City Group.
(about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Effigy Pipes (about 400 feet away); Gateposts from the Northern Entrance to Camp Sherman (approx. 1.1 miles away); Camp Sherman Memorial Park (approx. 1.5 miles away); Camp Sherman (approx. 1.5 miles away); Camp Bull (approx. 1.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chillicothe.
 
Also see . . .
1. Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. This web link was both published and made available by, "Touring Ohio." (Submitted on July 23, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. Mound City Group. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on July 23, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

3. Edwin Davis. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on July 23, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

4. Ephraim Squier. This link is published and made available by, "Ohio History Central," an online encyclopedia of Ohio History. (Submitted on July 23, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

5. Exploration of the Mound City Group. This link provides access to articles from the Scholarly Journal of the Ohio Historical Society, "Ohio History." (Submitted on July 23, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

6. Mound City Group. This web link is provided by the National Park Service. (Submitted on July 23, 2009, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. AnthropologyCemeteries & Burial SitesMan-Made FeaturesNative AmericansWar, World I
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 953 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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