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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Garfield in Benton County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail

 

—National Trails System —

 
Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, May 20, 2009
1. Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears Marker
Inscription. "Decr 23rd 1837, Buried Rainfrogs daughter. Marched at 8 o'c A.M. halted at Reddix, 3 o'c. P.M. encamped and issued corn & fodder & beef, 16 miles today.
-B.B. Cannon, Detachment Leader

Not Far to Go

Here, members of William Ruddick's family witnessed more than 11,000 Cherokee people passing by between 1837 and 1839 on their forced removal to Oklahoma. About 356 Cherokee in the detachment led by B.B. Cannon, camped near here on December 23, 1837 - the first removal contingent to travel through the area.

Ruddick's farm was a regular supply depot on the Northern Route of the Trail of Tears. From here, the detachments would branch out on several different trails - all leading to Indian Territory, over 30 miles to the west.

"...Fine day Monday 18th March. Clear & warm... crossed the line of Arkansas & Missouri near... Meeks on Sugar Creek 7 miles North East of Pratts Monday night, hail, rain wind & thunder."
-Dr. W. I. I. Morrow,
March 18, 1838

The house you see before you looked different in 1837. It was a one-story log cabin - the home of William Ruddick (Reddix)

Illustration of the Ruddick cabin with a group of Cherokee going by. Illustration by Cherokee artist Sam Watts - Scott 2005
 
Erected by
Cherokee Removal Routes in Arkansas image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
2. Cherokee Removal Routes in Arkansas
Department of Arkansas Heritage, Arkansas State Parks & National Park Service.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Trail of Tears marker series.
 
Location. 36° 27.199′ N, 94° 0.967′ W. Marker is near Garfield, Arkansas, in Benton County. Marker is on Military Park Road (County Road 65), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Located at stop eight, Elkhorn Tavern, on the driving tour of Pea Ridge National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Garfield AR 72732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lifeline for Two Armies (within shouting distance of this marker); Remembrance and Reunion (within shouting distance of this marker); Pea Ridge (within shouting distance of this marker); Reunited Soldiery Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Vulnerable in Victory (within shouting distance of this marker); Disastrous Retreat (within shouting distance of this marker); Elkhorn Tavern Taken (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Butterfield Overland Mail Route (about 400 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Garfield.
 
Also see . . .
1. Legends of America. Informational link on the Cherokee Trail of Tears (Submitted on July 25, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.)
Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Onions, May 20, 2009
3. Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears Marker
Elkhorn Tavern can be see through the trees.
 

2. Pea Ridge National Military Park. Link to the Offical NPS website for the Militay Park. (Submitted on July 25, 2009, by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.) 

3. Trail of Tears National Historic Trail. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Additional keywords. Cherokee Trail of Tears
 
Categories. Native AmericansNotable Events
 
Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
4. Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears Marker
Telegraph Road - Old Road Bed image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
5. Telegraph Road - Old Road Bed
The old road bed joins the park road in front of the tavern site.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas. This page has been viewed 2,420 times since then and 37 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on , by Thomas Onions of Olathe, Kansas.   4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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