Near Fredericksburg in Spotsylvania County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Fredericksburg
The Slaughter Pen
Meade penetrated a gap in the Confederate line but did not receive reinforcements in time to exploit his gains. After two failed attempts, Gibbon's men reached and captured part of the Confederate line only to be driven back due to lack of support. The Confederate repulse deprived the Union of its only real chance of victory at Fredericksburg. The day's fierce combat around Prospect Hill and the Slaughter Pen resulted in more than 9,000 combined casualties. Here, on these fields, Union soldiers earned five Medals of Honor.
"This one differed from most of the battlefields of the war. It was not in woods, ravines, underbrush or wilderness. Our army was all in the open country... and the movements could be viewed in all their martial beauty and military glory from any quarter of the field."
- Col. Thomas F. M'Coy, 107th Pennsylvania Infantry, USA
"The advancing force was visibly staggered by our rapid and well-directed artillery but soon, recovering from the shock, the Federal troops
- Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, CSA
Erected 2009 by Civil War Preservation Trust and Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 15.862′ N, 77° 26.481′ W. Marker is near Fredericksburg, Virginia, in Spotsylvania County. Marker is on Tidewater Trail (U.S. 17), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located on the Civil War Preservation Trust's Slaughter Pen Farm trail. Please obtain permission before entering the property. Call CWPT at (800) 298-7878. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22408, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of Fredericksburg (here, next to this marker); The Slaughter Pen Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Slaughter Pen Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Slaughter Pen Farm (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Colonial Fort (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Slaughter Pen Farm (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Slaughter Pen Farm (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Slaughter Pen Farm (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fredericksburg.
More about this marker. In the upper center are portraits of Gens. Jackson and Franklin. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, CSA and Gen. William B. Franklin, USA, both made mistakes leading up to the battle, Jackson left a large, unmanned gap in his line, and Franklin only employed a small fraction of his available force.
In the upper right is A postwar view from Gen. Jackson's position on Prospect Hill toward the Slaughter Pen Farm.
On the lower right is a map showing movements in this sector of the battle. The Union assault pitted 8,000 attackers against 10,000 defenders. Meade's and Gibbon's divisions doubled the size of the gap in the Confederate line but could do no more.
Also see . . . The Slaughter Pen. Civil War Preservation Trust virtual tour of the Slaughter Pen Farm. (Submitted on July 26, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,012 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.