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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Buckingham in Buckingham County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

One-Room Schoolhouse

Buckingham, Virginia

 

—Buckingham County —

 
One-Room Schoolhouse CRIEHT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 25, 2009
1. One-Room Schoolhouse CRIEHT Marker
Inscription. Union Grove School is representative of the many one-room schools for African-American students in Buckingham County and throughout the area. The African-American members of the community built Union Grove around 1925, and like most schools, it was named after a local church. An African-American farmer and storeowner donated the land, and the parents of students cut and milled the lumber.

At first, both students and teachers walked to school. The teachers were usually women of the community who had some education beyond the standard elementary level allowed African Americans. But as time passed, students rode to Union Grove on segregated buses, and as more African Americans graduated college, teacher standards were raised to include these more highly educated men and women.

Yearly enrollment varied between 20 to 35 students in grades one through seven. Students were taught the basic subjects of reading, writing, arithmetic, history and geography. Older students often helped the younger students while the teacher was busy with another grade level. There was no electricity, just windows or a kerosene lamp for light and one or two woodstoves for warmth for which the bigger boys had to cut the wood. There was an outhouse but no well, and children had to carry buckets of water from a nearby farm.

Union
One-Room Schoolhouse image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 25, 2009
2. One-Room Schoolhouse
Grove School was closed in 1964 when the last 12 one-room African-American schools in Buckingham County were consolidated into new, but still segregated, multi-classroom brick schools. The new elementary schools, Stephen J. Ellis and Washington Carver, remained segregated until complete desegregation of the county school system in the fall of 1970.

(sidebar)
(Right) At first, students and teachers walked to school but eventually rode on buses similar to this one.

(Bottom Right) One-room log schoolhouse in Buckingham County, c. 1910s. Lumber on grounds for constructing a new building.

(Below) Interior of a one-room log schoolhouse in Brunswick County, c. 1910s. The walls and ceiling of this schoolroom were used as chalkboards and the students sat on benches. Schools had no electricity and were heated by one or two woodstoves.

(Far Right) A one-room schoolhouse in Virginia.

Bus photo courtesy of Virginia State University Archives. All other photos courtesy of The Jackson Davis Collection, Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library.
 
Erected by Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail®. (Marker Number 4.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail marker
Union Grove School circa 1925. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 25, 2009
3. Union Grove School circa 1925.
series.
 
Location. 37° 32.73′ N, 78° 31.501′ W. Marker is near Buckingham, Virginia, in Buckingham County. Marker can be reached from Lee Wayside Road near Anderson Highway (U.S. 60). Click for map. This marker is located in front of the schoolhouse in the The Historic Village at Lee Wayside. Marker is in this post office area: Buckingham VA 23921, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. After Appomattox (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Buckingham Courthouse (approx. 0.8 miles away); Confederate Soldiers of Buckingham County (approx. 1.7 miles away); Thomas Jefferson’s Lost Courthouse (approx. 1.8 miles away); Buckingham County War Memorial (approx. 1.8 miles away); a different marker also named Thomas Jefferson’s Lost Courthouse (approx. 1.8 miles away); a different marker also named Thomas Jefferson’s Lost Courthouse (approx. 1.8 miles away); a different marker also named Buckingham Courthouse (approx. 2.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Buckingham.
 
Also see . . .
1. Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail. (Submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. The Historic Village at Lee Wayside. (Submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
One-Room Schoolhouse Interior. image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 25, 2009
4. One-Room Schoolhouse Interior.

 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsEducation
 
Buckingham County Outdoor Exhibit image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, July 25, 2009
5. Buckingham County Outdoor Exhibit
Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail® Map. image. Click for full size.
6. Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail® Map.
Appomattox County
1. Winonah Camp/Mozella Price Home
2. Carver-Price School
3. Education in 1800's Rural Virginia

Buckingham County
4. One-Room Schoolhouse
5. Carter G. Woodson Birthplace

Cumberland County
6. Hamilton High School
7. Rosenwald School at Cartersville
8. Jackson Davis

Amelia County
9. Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and School
10. Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil

Chesterfield County
11. Virginia State University

Petersburg
12. Earliest Known Public High School for African Americans in Virginia
13. McKenney Library
14. The Peabody-Williams School

Dinwiddie County
15. Southside Virginia Training Center
16. Rocky Branch School
17. Early Education in Dinwiddie County

Nottoway County
18. Blackstone Female Institute
19. Mt. Nebo Church
20. Ingleside Training Institute

Lunenburg County
21. The People's Community Center
22. St. Matthew's Lutheran Church Christian Day School

Prince Edward County
23. Prince Edward County Public Schools
24. R. R. Moton High School
25. Farmville Female Seminary Association
26. First Baptist Church
27. Beulah AME Church
28. Hampden-Sydney College

Charlotte County
29. Southside Virginia Community College - John H. Daniel Campus
30. Charlotte County Library
31. Salem School

Halifax County<
32. Meadville Community Center
33. Mary M. Bethune High School
34. Washington-Coleman Elementary School
35. Mizpah Church

Mecklenburg County
36. Thyne Institute
37. Boydton Academic and Bible Institute

Brunswick County
38. Southside Virginia Community College - Christanna Campus
39. Saint Paul's College
40. Hospital and School of the Good Shepherd
41. Fort Christanna
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,592 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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