By William Pfingsten, August 19, 2007
|1. Battle of North Point Marker|
Who Dies for Country, doth not yield
To death’s uncompromising sway
He soars Immortal from the field
And dwells untouched by time’s decay
Wm. M. Marine
This one-acre of the North Point Battlefield was set aside in 1839 to commemorate those who risked and gave their lives to defend their homes and country from an invading British Army.
On September 12, 1814, the 5th, 27th, 39th, 51st Regiments of Maryland Militia, engaged in battle with the British on this very ground, at the same time their neighbors and compatriots fought an invading British naval force a few miles away at Fort McHenry.
The success of the American citizen soldiers in these two engagements saved the Port of Baltimore from capture, and forced the British from the Chesapeake Region for the rest of the War in 1812.
Erected 2004 by the Society of the War of 1812 in Maryland through a grant from the Baltimore County Historic Trust, June 2004.
Location. 39° 16.644′ N, 76° 29.088′ W. Marker is in Dundalk, Maryland, in Baltimore County. Marker is at the intersection of North Point Road (Maryland Route 20) and Kimberly Road, on the right when traveling south on North Point Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dundalk MD 21222, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle Acre (within shouting distance of this marker); Proud of Our Stand (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle Ground Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. half a mile away); North Point Battlefield (approx. 0.9 miles away); Aquila Randall Monument (approx. 0.9 miles away); Commodore Joshua Barney (approx. 0.9 miles away); Cox's Point Park (approx. 1.6 miles away); General Robert Ross (approx. 2.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Dundalk.
By William Pfingsten, August 19, 2007
|2. Battle Acre Monument|
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of North Point. From the Official program of the centennial of incorporation of the borough of Hanover, Pennsylvania; together with historical sketches, September 12 to 18, 1915 (1915) issued by the Hanover (York County, Pa.). Centennial Committee, published in 1915 by the Anthony Printing Company in Hanover, Pa. (Submitted on January 19, 2010, by Henry T. McLin of Hanover, Pennsylvania.)
2. The Man Who Captured Washington - General Robert Ross. Website about the career of General Robert Ross who captured Washington in 1814 and later fell at North Point. (Submitted on February 7, 2010, by Dr John McCavitt of Rostrevor, County Down, Northern Ireland.)
1. The Battle of North Point
A Poem Commemorative of September 12th, 1814.
by William Matthew Marine. Published in 1901.
The following poem, entitled “The Battle of North Point,” is, in loyalty, dedicated to the sons and daughters of Maryland, whose ancestors served in the second war of our independence, known as the War of 1812. —BY THE AUTHOR
THE BATTLE OF NORTH POINT
The clouds hung o’er the threatened coast,
Above the bluff, the shore, the strand,
Where the imperial red-coat host,
In barges rowed toward the land.
Upon the beach, strewn pebbles lay,
Smoothed by the water’s polishing,
Where ebbs and flowing tides held sway,
|3. William Matthew Marine (1843–1904)|
|He is buried in Baltimore at the Loudon Park Cemetery.
Photo from the frontispiece of his book The Battle of North Point.|
The river rolled great waves of scorn,
Indignant at the sight beheld;
Its wrath was roused that early morn,
And troublous billows dashed and swelled.
The Briton crossed the deep to siege,
To storm the heights of Baltimore,
And wreak his malice and his rage,
To light the torch upon this shore.
F rom decks of oak, the soldier proud,
Marched in the ranks to serve his King.
The sky lay hid beneath a shroud,
And gave not back an echoing.
The troops were those of Wellington,
Listening to notes of martial air—
Old tunes heard on the fields he won,
Played o’er to please the soldiers’ ear.
No one opposing, to defy
His early march—no saving hand,
The starry banner forth should fly
O’er melting ranks which must disband.
From field of battle, yesterday,
Militia raced against the wind,
Hastening from Bladensburgh away
To covert, difficult to find.
Barney and Miller held that field
Amid the fiery torrents’ flow,
With wings of iron slow to yield;
Their faces shone in conflict’s glow.
The sky flamed o’er the capital;
Surrounding hills were wrapt in blaze;
The stars concealed by lighted scroll,
Refused to longer downward gaze.
Prepare, oh ! Baltimore, prepare,
The crisis of your fate has come.
Upon your holy altars swear,
Your’s shall not be the Briton’s home.
The trumpet calls in Baltimore;
|4. General Samuel Smith (1752–1839)|
|Senator Smith was Major General of the militia in the defense of Baltimore. Engraving from the book The Battle of North Point by William Matthew Marine.|
White tents are on the hillside spread;
The hostile force must leave the shore;
The earth shakes ’neath defenders’ tread.
Virginia’s sword doth brightly gleam,
And o’er Potomac’s waters flash;
While Penn’s sons, in a torrent stream,
Across the Susquehanna dash.
The rustic for his country’s sake,
Forthwith to ranks doth now repair;
He leaves the shores of Chesapeake—
The scene of Peter Parker’s snare—
Forth from that consecrated sod,
To reach the spot of Ross’ fate,
Where spilling of his heart’s best blood,
Served not the cause of crafty State.
To Parker, Byron’s lay was wove,
Classic of sentiment and art;
To Ross, no sonnet borne of love,
Has issued from the gushing heart.
The sound went forth of breakfast horn,
As the notes of a twittering bird;
It pierced the mists of early morn;
The Briton’s heart was gently stirred.
Ross weary of the toilsome march
O’er lowland, bog, ’mid tangled wood,
’Neath solar rays enough to parch
And dry the currents of the blood,
Responded to the welcome call,
At table with his aids sat down;
While there he asked a farmer all
The happenings in the distant town.
Wrinkles were in the coat Ross wore;
Its breast’s appearance to improve,
The farmer carefully looked o’er
The creases, which he sought to smooth.
While thus engaged, the General asked,
Who held command
to save the town;
|5. General John Strieker|
|“Born in Maryland and died in Baltimore, June 23rd, 1825. He was an officer in the Revolutionary Army, and while in command of the third brigade of Maryland militia at the Battle of North Point, distinguished himself. At the time of his death he was president of the Bank of Baltimore.” —History of Maryland by J. Thomas Sharf, published in 1879.
Engraving from the book The Battle of North Point by William Matthew Marine.|
He wished the name to be unmasked
Of one enjoying such renown
As shielding haunts of cruisers bold,
Who stretched more canvas to the gale,
And niched a greater sum of gold
Than other ships they could outsail.
Those privateersmen left deep scars—
Unhealing wounds, no time can cure—
Inflicted on the English tars
By imprint they can ne’er obscure.
“To punish rovers calls us here,
We shall decree yon city’s fate;
It has no blade the brave need fear,
To bar admission through its gate.”
“You’ll ne’er reach there,” was the reply;
“The town noise is no wedding stir;
Chieftains in war have chance to die,
For them awaits the pall and bier.
Do omens pierce your soul with dread ?
Let me a dream to you relate;
Forecasts make timid folk afraid;
They are the finger prints of fate.
I dreamed of hurrying of men,
Where smoke hung o’er the field of fight;
Flame swept a narrow, hemmed in glen,
Which gave to view a startling sight.
A crash, like mighty trees had rent,
And fallen ’neath the whirlwind’s force,
Went forth until its sound was spent,
And lost to distance in its course.
A horseman fell,—he downward sank;
I saw his face; I see it now;
He held a high, commanding rank,
But death was written on his brow.
His army routed, baffled, beat,
Retired disordered to the wave,
Compelled through rain
to make retreat,
|6. The Battle of North Point|
|From the book The Battle of North Point by William Matthew Marine.|
The nightly elements to brave.”
Ross felt the depths move in his soul,
And in his throat was choking wrath;
But self asserted its control,
He broke out in a merry laugh.
Then said the dashing cavalier,
“Militia may like rain outpour,
They’ll never wake a Briton’s fear;
We’ll run them out of Baltimore.”
From o’er the city comes the sound
Of booming cannon’s loud report;
From Federal Hill the stern rebound,
To duty, patriots exhort.
The deep toned bells of Otterbine,
By warnings tell the foeman comes;
They ring no longer hymns divine,
But airs like those from sounding drums.
Alarmists at such times increase—
Rumor purveyors of no worth—
’Till swallowed in the crowd, they cease
Their bulletins to issue forth;
In the mad swirl they disappear,
The sergeant’s cry doth them affright,—
“Fall in, the enemy is near,
And share the hazard of the fight.”
Love smiles on duty through her tears,
And dissipates clouds on her brow;
Her bosom heaves with sinking fears,
Her loyalty dare not allow;
So bravely drying tear-dimmed eyes,
She gazes on the bright cockade,
And ceases furthermore her sighs,
Ashamed she could have been afraid.
A poet sings his latest lay,
And moves the sympathetic crowd,
And, as its echoes die away,
Applause is heard to rise aloud.
By Allen C. Browne, June 18, 2011
|7. Battle of North Point Marker|
Who dies for country, doth not yield
To death’s uncompromising sway;
He soars immortal from the field,
And dwells untouched by time’s decay.
Fame takes his hand within her clasp,
And on his brow writes words of fire;
Eternities are held in grasp,
Of which the muses never tire;
’Tis sweet to drink of fame e’en here,
To wear its blossoms through the hours.
If you’d be wreathed, go forth, nor fear
The field, there you will find the flowers.
The regiments are hurried hence,
Preceded by a cavalcade.
Deeper becomes the great suspense,
When Strieker leaves with his brigade.
The tumult rolls to mountain heights,
And each one’s pulse is quick to tell
The fluttering of fever’s flights,
Which in the breasts of freemen swell.
In temples, forms bend low with care,
While Gruber’s face is lit with fire;
His deep toned voice repeats a prayer,
Which stimulates the worshipper:
“Convert King George, oh ! Lord we pray,
Pardon his oft transgressions here.
To heaven call his soul away,
We need him not upon this sphere.”
Amen ! had just escaped his throat,
When cannon broke in roar without,
And jarring bells so loudly smote,
The worshippers were put to rout.
Glendi, before the waiting crowd—
Assembled when the troops passed by—
Uttered petition unto God,
In faith and deep sincerity:
“Oh ! Thou
who raised the dead to life,
By Allen C. Browne, July 31, 2011
|8. Battle of North Point Monument|
Hear now Thy servant, even me;
Be ’midst the flame of coming strife,
Thou who once walk’d on Galilee,
Protect our sons, and prove their shield,
Save them from harm in that dark hour,
When shot and shell burst o’er the field—
By marvels of Thy Kingly power.”
The cravens, moved around to say,
“Better a ransom be paid down,
And bribe the foe to go away;
Immunity would save the town.”
Howard, of Cowpens, fiercely swore,
And raged till cowards made retreat;
Rather his sons be bathed in gore,
Dead on the field of great defeat,
Than such a shame come to suffuse
The cheeks of those in after years,
Who would their sires in wrath accuse,
Of yielding honor to their fears.
Along the roadway’s winding course,
Heath marches on, intent to find
The enemy; his foot and horse
Fired by one purpose and one mind.
The deadly muskets’ bright display,
Along the roadbed moved on down,
Nearing the Briton in his way
Of rapid march toward the town.
In mute surprise, stood face to face,
Invading host and skirmishers;
They locked their arms in death’s embrace,
As well became such musketeers.
Ross heard the fire, then urged his horse,
Heedless of unexpected snare;
He plunged on madly in his course,
Reckless of warning word “beware.”
Howard, at front, sustained the shock,
The blast on Aisquith’s line uprose,
By Allen C. Browne, June 18, 2011
|9. Battle of North Point Monument|
Levering’s rank stood firm as rock;
Clouds gathered o’er the smoky throes;
It wreathed and curled beneath the skies,
When Randall’s spirit, swept through space,
Above the earth was seen to rise,
With sunshine streaming o’er his face.
McComas walk’d the steps through air—
With Wells departed out of sight;
They passed to distant climes afar,
Unbounded by the shades of night.
The wounded Ross, by friendly arms,
Was laid beside the crimson road.
He closed his ears to war’s alarms,
Amid the ebbing of his blood.
His steed escaped, and backward ran,
Bridle and saddle stained with gore—
A painful sight to Englishmen,
Who saw it coursing for the shore.
Between steeds was the chieftain borne
Toward the ships that rode the wave,
Of strength and pupose reft and shorn,
A victim soon to fill a grave.
When on the brow of Poplar Hill,
The surgeon stooped by Ross’ form,
He saw the creeping of a chill,
Defying fires of earth to warm.
Heath and his skirmishers retired,
Followed by the onpressing foe,
The ranks of both with ardor fired,
And eager for a further blow.
Across the road that led from town,
Stood Strieker’s force in war’s array,
’Neath trees the frost must soon embrown,
Waiting for conflict’s deadly sway.
The right, held firm on Bear Creek’s pass,
Imposing stood in
By Allen C. Browne, July 31, 2011
|10. Battle Acre|
|"Houck's Acre" as it was known was dedicated on September 13th 1914 "in commemoration of
the last important land engagement before Peace was declared." Dr. Houck owned the nearby Monument Hotel. In 1838, he deeded this one acre lot to the State of Maryland "for the purpose of erecting a monument thereon".|
The left reached down to a morass,
Where lay a stream in bold outline.
At half-past two, the roll of drum
Inspired the red-coat column on,
With floating banner, wave of plume,
Dreadful for eye to look upon.
A cross fire swept on o’er the field,
And then was heard the musket’s crack,
As man to man, they would not yield;
The shot was sent and answer’d back.
The oaks were torn by iron hail,
Birds, leaving nests, flew wild o’erhead,
Aloft in upper skies to sail
For safety, with their wings outspread.
Fire burned the sedge, consumed the grass;
Smoke veiled the sky in drapery;
Death o’er the field was seen to pass
With gleaming sword of butchery.
The cannon’s fire, swept down the road;
The flagmen fell, the flags went down;
From veins of soldiers, blood outpoured,
And lakes of crimson formed around.
A flame lit up the leaden sky,
A cabin soon was in a blaze,
And sparks were eager forth to fly,
To spread abroad to outward gaze.
The rockets dropt as thick as hail,
The ranks were moved not by their shock;
Nor forward pressed they to assail;
Each held his line firm as a rock.
The crisis neared its final course;
Rumor regained what Briton lost.
Falsehood advanced a moving host,
Said up the river to have crost.
From off the field, broke out and ran,
Footmen, who left the gallant few
The ground to hold, the foe withstand,
To arms and flag persistent, true,
Assailed by thrice their numbers,—yet
With vigor they maintained defence;
The Briton ne’er dared bayonet,
But column to the left moved hence.
The clear-eyed Strieker quick foresaw
Danger imperiling the day;
Success required that he withdraw,
To where reserves impatient lay.
The jaded Briton sank to earth;
He left his ranks to fall asleep,
Intent to win refreshing birth,
Ere day again should blush and creep.
Wearily hours crept onward past;
Few camp fires showed their ruddy light;
The dead lay in dark shadows cast,
With ghastly scenes extinct from sight.
’Twas hour of four, when clash of arms
Gave way, their sounds no longer heard.
The o’er cast sky looked down on forms,
The victims of the red drawn sword.
The wounded moaned upon the field,
Stricken with fever, where the sound
Of brooklet gliding forth did steal,
And leave the fatal battle ground.
The morning saw the Briton bear
His wounded toward his ships of war,
His dead he buried without care,
And without mockery of tear.
The living, roused from nightly dreams,
Looked round instinctively with dread,
They saw in fancy, ghostly gleams,
Where earth was cumbered with the dead.
Rostrevor’s mountains slope to sea.
O’er Cariingford, dark shadows rise;
Verdure spreads o’er outlying lea,
In emerald beauty, ’neath those skies.
There Ross looked out when first he saw
The light of day with eyes of fire;
There grew to strength of lion’s paw,
With courage which the brave admire.
He fell, and then home lights went out;
Grief entered through the wide, wide hall;
The hooting owl made rounds about;
The raven answering its call.
Grief speaks emotions of the soul,
Which have no words when death’s embrace
Defies mind’s effort at control,
When we look on the cold one’s face.
Sorrow is useless to the dead,
Happy beyond our tragic life,
And all its earthly envies sped,
Its rivalries of heartless strife.
Gladness should, like anthems, arise
Around the bier of sacred worth;
And thankfulness should reach the skies,
When we behold the last of earth.
Andre fell in his early morn,
The flowers of youth around his brow,
With manly virtues, which adorn
And bear their blossoms even now.
Oft was it said, how sad his fate,
Called on to die, so brave and young;
As though to fall, defending State,
Would not be praised by every tongue.
No star were his, which would not fade,
Had martyrdom refused his blood;
His brilliancy is free from shade—
Youth snatched away in bright manhood.
Of Donaldson, let sweetest lay
Awake o’er him sublimest song;
He’s gone the dark and bloody way,
Which warriors oft doth move along.
His name is green in memory’s keep,
Carved on the column which doth rise
To bless and hallow those who sleep
Beneath the watches of the skies.
Where is the tomb his ashes hide ?
No one informs us, who is near;
No likeness of him doth abide
The changes which are happening here.
His face is not in silhouette;
Brief is his life—a paragraph
Which, the biographer, doth fret,
Who cannot find his epitaph.
His name, the city guards with care,
The stranger reads it on the shaft,
Within the monumental air,
Where breezes of the seasons waft.
The city takes less pride in gain,
In landscape, parks, and running deer,
In ships which sail the watery main,
Homeward again to reappear,
Than in its dead, its sheeted dead,
Fallen beneath the canopy,
Who for their homes and altars bled,
Hearing the shout of victory.
Where rugged hills the town surround,
Strieker led his brigade to camp,
Pitched his tents upon the ground,
Kindled his fires and lit his lamp.
The Briton gazing, stood out where
The distance rendered safe display,
His seamen, footmen, cannoneer,
Disposed so they could move away.
The hour had come to end suspense,
The raging storms fierce howled without;
The Briton through the dark stole hence,
Nor left behind a single scout.
Water swept o’er the oozy road,
And ran from sides of every hill;
Bear Creek, if it had overflowed,
Could not have poured with stronger will.
Thunder crashed loud amid the blaze
Of armies fighting in the sky;
The Britons struggled through the haze,
Ghosts hissed at them in passing by;
Where Ross was wounded they crept slow;
A pale-faced horseman forth did ride,
Advancing where they’d met the foe,
With rapid progress, from the tide.
He no salute gave to the train,
And soon was lost within the night;
Amid the pattering of rain,
Forever passed he out of sight.
The windows of the farm house glowed,
Mocking the vanquished put to rout.
As they passed by, their footsteps slowed
At sounds within like to a shout;
They reached the shore and through the gale
Were rowed beside their rocking ship.
The tars unreefed the canvas sail,
And bid their vessel onward sweep.
Cockburn gazed on surrounding space—
The stern, defiant old corsair;
Chagrin was written on his face,
To melancholy he was heir;
He saw his flag, with colors fast,
Float sadly o’er the briny flood—
The flag of Britain at half mast,
For one whose fate was sealed in blood.
— Submitted August 21, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia.
Credits. This page originally submitted on August 19, 2007, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 5,210 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on August 19, 2007, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on August 21, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on September 10, 2013, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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